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Gateway of India. The Gateway of India as seen from the harbour, 2003. Location within Mumbai General information Architectural style Indo-Saracenic Location Mumbai (Bombay), India Coordinates 18°55′19″N 72°50′05″E / 18.921836°N 72.834705°E / 18.921836; 72.834705 Elevation 10 m (33 ft) Construction started 31 March 1911 Completed 1924 Inaugurated 4 December 1924 Cost 2.1 million (1911) Height 26 m (85 ft) Design and construction Client India Owner Archaeological Survey of India Architect George Wittet The Gateway of India (Hindi: भारतीय प्रवेशद्वार) is a monument in Mumbai, (formerly Bombay) India. Located on the waterfront in Apollo Bunder area in South Mumbai, the Gateway is a basalt arch 26 metres (85 ft) high. It was a crude jetty used by fisher folks and was later renovated and used as a landing place for British governors and other distinguished personages. In earlier times, the Gateway was the monument that visitors arriving by boat would have first seen in the city of Bombay.[1] Its design is a combination of both Hindu and Muslim architectural styles, the arch is in Muslim style while the decorations are in Hindu style. The Gateway is built from yellow basalt and reinforced concrete. The stone was locally obtained, and the perforated screens were brought from Gwalior. The central dome is 15 metres (49 ft) in diameter and is 26 metres (85 ft) above ground at its highest point. The whole harbour front was realigned in order to come in line with a planned esplanade which would sweep down to the centre of the town. The cost of the construction was Rs. 21 lakhs (2,100,000), borne mainly by the Government of India. Due to lack of funds, the approach road was never built, and so the Gateway stands at an angle to the road leading up to it.[1] History The Gateway of India was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to Bombay, prior to the Delhi Durbar, in December 1911. The foundation stone was laid on 31 March 1911, by the Governor of Bombay Sir George Sydenham Clarke, with the final design of George Wittet sanctioned in August 1914. Between 1915 and 1919 work proceeded on reclamations at Apollo Bundar (Port) for the land on which the gateway and the new sea wall would be built. The foundations were completed in 1920, and construction was finished in 1924. The Gateway was opened on 4 December 1924, by the Viceroy, the Earl of Reading.[1] The well-known Jewish business family, the Sassoon's, were one of the great contributors to Mumbai, and offered the largest donation for the construction effort, contributing 10 Lakhs of Rupees for the construction. Out of the total expenses, Gammon India claims that it did India's first pre-cast reinforced concrete job for the foundation of the Gateway of India.[2] The last British troops to leave India, the First Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry, passed through the Gateway in a ceremony on 28 February 1948.[1] From here people can visit Elephanta Caves by ferry boats. There are luxury boats which take visitors around the harbour for a couple of hours. Opposite the Gateway stands the Royal Taj Mahal Hotel and Taj Towers. In front of the Gateway, there is a statue of Chatrapati Shivaji. Gallery The landing of King George V and Queen Mary, 2 December, 1911 The Gateway today The Gateway, 1920's. See also Maharashtra portal List of tourist attractions in Mumbai India Gate References ^ a b c d Dwivedi, Sharada; Rahul Mehotra (1995). Bombay – The Cities Within. Mumbai: India Book House. ISBN 818502880X.  ^ "Gammon India - Profile of Delhi Metro's contractor". The Economic Times. 2009-11-14. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/News/News-By-Industry/Transportation/Railways/Gammon-India--Profile-of-Delhi-Metros-contractor/articleshow/4772914.cms.  External links Media related to Gateway of India at Wikimedia Commons Gateway of India travel guide from Wikitravel Gateway of India Interactive Panorama: Gateway of India v · d · eMumbai topics History Timeline · Silhara dynasty · Bombay Presidency · Seven islands of Bombay · Elephanta Caves · Kanheri Caves · Banganga Tank · Old Bombay · Worli Fort · Girangaon  · Samyukta Maharashtra movement · Tanks · Growth of Mumbai · 1992-93 riots · 1993 bombings · 2006 train bombings · 2008 Mumbai attacks · 2011 bombings Geography Flora and fauna · Powai Lake · Vihar Lake · Tulsi Lake · Thane Creek · Mahim Bay · Back Bay · River Ulhas · Gilbert Hill · Malabar Hill · Salsette Island · Mumbai Harbour · Middle Ground · Weather · Beaches · South Mumbai · Navi Mumbai · City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) Buildings Architecture of Mumbai  · Gateway of India · Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus · Naval Dockyard · Reserve Bank of India · Bombay Stock Exchange · Hutatma Chowk · General Post Office · Shreepati Arcade · Regal Cinema · Mount Mary's Church · Haji Ali Dargah · Flora Fountain · David Sassoon Library · Mahatma Phule Market · Mumba Devi Mandir · Mahalaxmi Temple · Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Museum · National Gallery of Modern Art · Asiatic Society of Mumbai · Jehangir Art Gallery · Gowalia Tank · Shri Swaminarayan Mandir  · Mahim Church Transport Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) bus · Mumbai Suburban Railway · Central Railway · Western Railway · Harbour Line · Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport · Juhu Aerodrome · Auto rickshaw  · Mumbai Metro · Mumbai Monorail  · Navi Mumbai Monorail · Mumbai Maglev · Western Railway Elevated Corridor · Mumbai BRTS · Bandra-Worli Sea Link Economy Bombay Stock Exchange · Reserve Bank of India · Mint · Dalal Street · Nariman Point · Telecom companies Education Mumbai University · SNDT Women's University · Indian Institute of Technology · St. Xavier's College · Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute · UICT · Bombay Scottish School · Cathedral and John Connon School · Campion School · Colleges Institutes for Science and Learning Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) · Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) · Institute of Science · Nehru Planetarium · Nehru Science Centre · Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) · Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CBS) Civic Mayor · Police Commissioner · Municipal Commissioner · Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation · Mumbai Police · Wards · Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport · Demographics · Water sources · Bombay High Court · Sheriff Culture Marathi · Mumbaiya/Bombaiya/Bambaiya · Dabbawalas · Mumbaikar  · Vada pav · Bhelpuri · Cultural centres · Cinemas · Kala Ghoda festival  · Mumbai Marathon  · Tourist attractions Parks and grounds Horniman Circle Gardens · Cross Maidan · Kamala Nehru Park · Hanging Gardens · Sanjay Gandhi National Park · Jijamata Udyaan · Brabourne Stadium · Wankhede Stadium · Mahalaxmi Racecourse · Shivaji Park Other topics Mumbai High · Marine Drive · Kamathipura · Dharavi · People from Mumbai v · d · e Tourist attractions in Mumbai  Pre-colonial Elephanta Caves · Kanheri Caves · Worli Fort · Mahim Fort · Old Bombay · INS Vikrant  Colonial Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus · BMC Headquarters · Hutatma Chowk · Worli Fort · David Sassoon Library · Gateway of India · Rajabai Tower · Mount Mary's Church · Crawford Market · Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya · Bombay High Court · Ballard Bunder Gatehouse · South Mumbai  Beaches Girgaum Chowpatty · Dadar Chowpatty · Juhu Beach · Versova Beach · Madh Island · Aksa Beach · Marvé Beach · Powai Lake  Places of worship Mumba Devi Mandir · Mahalaxmi Temple · Siddhivinayak temple · Shitala Devi Temple · Walkeshwar Temple · Swaminarayan Mandir  · Haji Ali  · Mahim Church  Cultural National Centre for the Performing Arts · Jehangir Art Gallery · Taraporewala Aquarium · National Gallery of Modern Art · Asiatic Society of Mumbai · Marine Drive · Royal Opera House · Regal Cinema · Eros Cinema · Metro Adlabs · Nehru Science Centre · Film City · Capitol Cinema · Liberty Cinema  Boulevards Marine Drive · Fashion Street · Linking Road · Nepean Sea Road · Breach Candy · Bandstand Promenade · Worli Seaface · Bandra-Worli Sea Link  Districts Nariman Point · Malabar Hill · Kala Ghoda · Colaba · Bandra-Kurla complex  Shopping Chor Bazaar · Fashion Street · Colaba Causeway · Lamington Road · Linking Road  Buildings Bombay Stock Exchange · Hutatma Chowk · David Sassoon Library · Taj Mahal Palace & Tower · Nehru Planetarium · India Government Mint  Parks, zoos  and stadia Hanging Gardens · Gowalia Tank · Sanjay Gandhi National Park · Kamala Nehru Park · Jijamata Udyaan · Horniman Circle Gardens · Cross Maidan · Brabourne Stadium · Wankhede Stadium · Mahalaxmi Racecourse · Shivaji Park · Mumbai Port Trust Garden · Essel World · Water Kingdom Coordinates: 18°55′19″N 72°50′05″E / 18.921836°N 72.834705°E / 18.921836; 72.834705 (Gateway of India)