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This article is about the German submarine. For the isotope of Uranium, see Uranium-238. Career Name: U-238 Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel Laid down: 21 April 1942 Launched: 7 January 1943 Commissioned: 20 February 1943 Fate: Sunk by Surface Craft, 09 February 1944 General characteristics Type: Type VIIC submarine Service record Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla (February–July 1943) 1st U-boat Flotilla (August 1943–February 1944) Attached to Wolf pack Leuthen (September 1943) Commanders: Kptlt. Horst Hepp (February 1943–February 1944) Operations: 1st patrol: 5 September–8 October 1943 2nd patrol: 11 November–12 December 1943 3rd patrol: 27 January–9 February 1944 Victories: 4 commercial vessels sunk (23,048 GRT) 1 commercial vessel damaged (7,176 GRT) German submarine U-238 was a Type VIIC U-boat of the German Kriegsmarine built for service in the Second World War. She was built during 1942 by Germaniawerft of Kiel, and she was commissioned on 20 February 1943, with Oberleutnant zur See Horst Hepp in command. Hepp commanded her for her entire career, receiving a promotion to Kapitänleutnant in the process. She was a successful, if short lived boat, sinking four freighters and damaging another during her operations against Allied convoys in the Second Battle of the Atlantic. She had the misfortune, however, of serving at the turning point of the war, when allied countermeasures were taking a heavy toll on the U-boat force. She conducted three war patrols, beginning in September 1943, following her warm up trials in the Baltic Sea. Contents 1 War Patrols 2 Raiding career 3 References 4 See also // War Patrols The first patrol of the U-238 was conducted from Trondheim in Norway as part of the 1st U-boat Flotilla, and entailed the submarine exiting the North Sea via the Denmark Strait and operating against Allied shipping in the supposed "air cover gap" in the Central Atlantic, where Allied aircraft were unable to effectively operate against German U-boats. This first patrol was by far the most successful of U-238's patrols, as on 20 September, it attacked a large convoy, sinking one 7,000-ton cargo ship and damaging another. This was followed by three more victims on 23 September, when two Norwegian ships and a British freighter were sunk from the same convoy. The U-238's second patrol was less successful, as two weeks after leaving Brest, France she was attacked by an Avenger torpedo bomber from the escort carrier USS Bogue (CVE-9), whose rockets killed two crew and wounded five more, prompting the submarine to return to Brest with severe damage which put it out of service for a month. It was during this patrol that the submarine captured two British Royal Air Force personnel, whose Vickers Wellington bomber had been shot down by the German submarine U-764. U-238's third and last patrol began in January 1944, and lasted a fruitless month, until on 9 February, when she was caught by the convoy escorts of Convoy SL-147 and Convoy MKS-38, 270 miles off Cape Clear. She counter-attacked unsuccessfully and was sunk with all 50 hands by the sloops HMS Magpie, Starling and Kite Raiding career Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate 20 September 1943 SS Theo Dwight Weld American 7,176 Sunk SS Fred Douglass American 7,176 Damaged 23 September 1943 MV Oregon Express Norwegian 3,642 Sunk SS Fort Jemseg British 7,134 Sunk SS Skjelbred Norwegian 5,096 Sunk References This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (April 2009) Sharpe, Peter, U-Boat Fact File, Midland Publishing, Great Britain: 1998. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. U-boat.net webpage for U-238 See also List of U-boats v • d • e German Type VII submarines   Type VIIA U-27 · U-28 · U-29 · U-30 · U-31 · U-32 · U-33 · U-34 · U-35 · U-36   Type VIIB U-45 · U-46 · U-47 · U-48 · U-49 · U-50 · U-51 · U-52 · U-53 · U-54 · U-55 · U-73 · U-74 · U-75 · U-76 · U-83 · U-84 · U-85 · U-86 · U-87 · U-99 · U-100 · U-101 · U-102   Type VIIC U-69 · U-70 · U-71 · U-72 · U-77 · U-78 · U-79 · U-80 · U-81 · U-82 · U-88 · U-89 · U-90 · U-91 · U-92 · U-93 · U-94 · U-95 · U-96 · U-97 · U-98 · U-132 · U-133 · U-134 · U-135 · U-136 · U-201 · U-202 · U-203 · U-204 · U-205 · U-206 · U-207 · U-208 · U-209 · U-210 · U-211 · U-212 · U-221 · U-222 · U-223 · U-224 · U-225 · U-226 · U-227 · U-228 · U-229 · U-230 · U-231 · U-232 · U-235 · U-236 · U-237 · U-238 · U-239 · U-240 · U-241 · U-242 · U-243 · U-244 · U-245 · U-246 · U-247 · U-248 · U-249 · U-250 · U-251 · U-252 · U-253 · U-254 · U-255 · U-256 · U-257 · U-258 · U-259 · U-260 · U-261 · U-262 · U-263 · U-264 · U-265 · U-266 · U-267 · U-268 · U-269 · U-270 · U-271 · U-272 · U-273 · U-274 · U-275 · U-276 · U-277 · U-278 · U-279 · U-280 · U-281 · U-282 · U-283 · U-284 · U-285 · U-286 · U-287 · U-288 · U-289 · U-290 · U-291 · U-301 · U-302 · U-303 · U-304 · U-305 · U-306 · U-307 · U-308 · U-309 · U-310 · U-311 · U-312 · U-313 · U-314 · U-315 · U-316 · U-331 · U-332 · U-333 · U-334 · U-335 · U-336 · U-337 · U-338 · U-339 · U-340 · U-341 · U-342 · U-343 · U-344 · U-345 · U-346 · U-347 · U-348 · U-349 · U-350 · U-351 · U-352 · U-353 · U-354 · U-355 · U-356 · U-357 · U-358 · U-359 · U-360 · U-361 · U-362 · U-363 · U-364 · U-365 · U-366 · U-367 · U-368 · U-369 · U-370 · U-371 · U-372 · U-373 · U-374 · U-375 · U-376 · U-377 · U-378 · U-379 · U-380 · U-381 · U-382 · U-383 · U-384 · U-385 · U-386 · U-387 · U-388 · U-389 · U-390 · U-391 · U-392 · U-393 · U-394 · U-396 · U-397 · U-398 · U-399 · U-400 · U-401 · U-402 · U-403 · U-404 · U-405 · U-406 · U-407 · U-408 · U-409 · U-410 · U-411 · U-412 · U-413 · U-414 · U-415 · U-416 · U-417 · U-418 · U-419 · U-420 · U-421 · U-422 · U-423 · U-424 · U-425 · U-426 · U-427 · U-428 · U-429 · U-430 · U-431 · U-432 · U-433 · U-434 · U-435 · U-436 · U-437 · U-438 · U-439 · U-440 · U-441 · U-442 · U-443 · U-444 · U-445 · U-446 · U-447 · U-448 · U-449 · U-450 · U-451 · U-452 · U-453 · U-454 · U-455 · U-456 · U-457 · U-458 · U-465 · U-466 · U-467 · U-468 · U-469 · U-470 · U-471 · U-472 · U-473 · U-475 · U-476 · U-477 · U-478 · U-479 · U-480 · U-481 · U-482 · U-483 · U-484 · U-485 · U-486 · U-551 · U-552 · U-553 · U-554 · U-555 · U-556 · U-557 · U-558 · U-559 · U-560 · U-561 · U-562 · U-563 · U-564 · U-565 · U-566 · U-567 · U-568 · U-569 · U-570 · U-571 · U-572 · U-573 · U-574 · U-575 · U-576 · U-577 · U-578 · U-579 · U-580 · U-581 · U-582 · U-583 · U-584 · U-585 · U-586 · U-587 · U-588 · U-589 · U-590 · U-591 · U-592 · U-593 · U-594 · U-595 · U-596 · U-597 · U-598 · U-599 · U-600 · U-601 · U-602 · U-603 · U-604 · U-605 · U-606 · U-607 · U-608 · U-609 · U-610 · U-611 · U-612 · U-613 · U-614 · U-615 · U-616 · U-617 · U-618 · U-619 · U-620 · U-621 · U-622 · U-623 · U-624 · U-625 · U-626 · U-627 · U-628 · U-629 · U-630 · U-631 · U-632 · U-633 · U-634 · U-635 · U-636 · U-637 · U-638 · U-639 · U-640 · U-641 · U-642 · U-643 · U-644 · U-645 · U-646 · U-647 · U-648 · U-649 · U-650 · U-651 · U-652 · U-653 · U-654 · U-655 · U-656 · U-657 · U-658 · U-659 · U-660 · U-661 · U-662 · U-663 · U-664 · U-665 · U-666 · U-667 · U-668 · U-669 · U-670 · U-671 · U-672 · U-673 · U-674 · U-675 · U-676 · U-677 · U-678 · U-679 · U-680 · U-681 · U-682 · U-683 · U-701 · U-702 · U-703 · U-704 · U-705 · U-706 · U-707 · U-708 · U-709 · U-710 · U-711 · U-712 · U-713 · U-714 · U-715 · U-716 · U-717 · U-718 · U-719 · U-720 · U-721 · U-722 · U-731 · U-732 · U-733 · U-734 · U-735 · U-736 · U-737 · U-738 · U-739 · U-740 · U-741 · U-742 · U-743 · U-744 · U-745 · U-746 · U-747 · U-748 · U-749 · U-750 · U-751 · U-752 · U-753 · U-754 · U-755 · U-756 · U-757 · U-758 · U-759 · U-760 · U-761 · U-762 · U-763 · U-764 · U-765 · U-766 · U-767 · U-768 · U-771 · U-772 · U-773 · U-774 · U-775 · U-776 · U-777 · U-778 · U-779 · U-821 · U-822 · U-825 · U-826 · U-901 · U-903 · U-904 · U-905 · U-907 · U-921 · U-922 · U-923 · U-924 · U-925 · U-926 · U-927 · U-928 · U-951 · U-952 · U-953 · U-954 · U-955 · U-956 · U-957 · U-958 · U-959 · U-960 · U-961 · U-962 · U-963 · U-964 · U-965 · U-966 · U-967 · U-968 · U-969 · U-970 · U-971 · U-972 · U-973 · U-974 · U-975 · U-976 · U-977 · U-978 · U-979 · U-980 · U-981 · U-982 · U-983 · U-984 · U-985 · U-986 · U-987 · U-988 · U-989 · U-990 · U-991 · U-992 · U-993 · U-994 · U-1051 · U-1052 · U-1053 · U-1054 · U-1055 · U-1056 · U-1057 · U-1058 · U-1101 · U-1102 · U-1131 · U-1132 · U-1161 · U-1162 · U-1191 · U-1192 · U-1193 · U-1194 · U-1195 · U-1196 · U-1197 · U-1198 · U-1199 · U-1200 · U-1201 · U-1202 · U-1203 · U-1204 · U-1205 · U-1206 · U-1207 · U-1208 · U-1209 · U-1210   Type VIIC/41 U-292 · U-293 · U-294 · U-295 · U-296 · U-297 · U-298 · U-299 · U-300 · U-317 · U-318 · U-319 · U-320 · U-321 · U-322 · U-323 · U-324 · U-325 · U-326 · U-327 · U-328 · U-827 · U-828 · U-929 · U-930 · U-995 · U-997 · U-998 · U-999 · U-1000 · U-1001 · U-1002 · U-1003 · U-1004 · U-1005 · U-1006 · U-1007 · U-1008 · U-1009 · U-1010 · U-1013 · U-1014 · U-1015 · U-1016 · U-1017 · U-1018 · U-1019 · U-1020 · U-1021 · U-1022 · U-1023 · U-1024 · U-1025 · U-1063 · U-1064 · U-1065 · U-1103 · U-1104 · U-1105 · U-1106 · U-1107 · U-1108 · U-1109 · U-1110 · U-1163 · U-1164 · U-1165 · U-1166 · U-1167 · U-1168 · U-1169 · U-1170 · U-1171 · U-1172 · U-1271 · U-1272 · U-1273 · U-1274 · U-1275 · U-1276 · U-1277 · U-1278 · U-1279 · U-1301 · U-1302 · U-1303 · U-1304 · U-1305 · U-1306 · U-1307 · U-1308   Type VIID U-213 · U-214 · U-215 · U-216 · U-217 · U-218   Type VIIF U-1059 · U-1060 · U-1061 · U-1062 Preceded by: Type II – Followed by: Type IX List of U-boat types