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This list includes the biological mothers of Ottoman sultans. There were thirty-six sultans of the Ottoman Empire in twenty-one generations. (During early days the title Bey was used instead of Sultan) Throughout 623-years history the sultans were the members of the same house, namely the house of Ottoman. This list is distinct from the list of Valide Sultans of the Ottoman Empire. Valide Sultan was the title of the mother of the reigning sultan. The mothers who died before their sons’ accession to throne, never assumed the title of Valide Sultan like Hürrem, Hatice Mu’azzez, Emîne Mihr-î-Şâh,[1][2] Râbi’a Şerm-î,[3] and Nükhet-Sedâ.[4] On the other hand, step mothers who were not the biological mothers but raised the princes whose mothers had died assumed the title of Valide Sultan like Ayşe Seniyeperver[5] and Rahîme Piristû (Perestu). So there were Valide Sultans who were not the mothers, and there were mothers who were not the Valide Sultans. In conclusion, the title of "Sultâna" (Woman Sultân) for the mothers of the ottoman emperors can be used if and only if the aforementioned mother of an ottoman emperor was acquired the title of "Valide Sultân". Official Name of the Sultan's Mother Name of the Son (Ottoman Sultan)[6] Born name Ethnicity - Nationality Duration & Notes about Valide Khātûn or Sultâna (Valide Sultan) title Halîme [7] Osman I Halîme Turkish Malhun Orhan Mala Turkish Nilüfer Murat I Holofira Greek - Byzantine Empire Gül-Çiçek Bayezid I ( ? ) Greek - Byzantine Empire Devlet Mehmet I Devlet Turkish - Kütahya, Germiyanids Emîne Murad II Amînā (Emîne) Turkish, Elbistan - Kahramanmaraş, Dulkadir State (The Zulkadriyye Beylik) 1421-1449 (Valide Khātûn) Hümâ Mehmed II Khadija (Hatice) Âlîmā (Âlîme) Turkish, Devrekani - (Kastamonu - Sinop) Candar State (The İsfendiyar Beylik) 1444-1446 (Valide Khātûn) Sitt-î Mükrîme [8][9] Beyazid II Mûkrîmā Turkish, Elbistan - Kahramanmaraş, Dulkadir State (The Zulkadriyye Beylik) Gül-Bahar [10] or Ayşe [11][12] Selim I Kül-Bahār or A’ishā (Ayşe) Trebizond or Turkish, Elbistan - Kahramanmaraş, Dulkadir State (The Zulkadriyye Beylik) Hafsa [13][14] Süleyman I A’ishā Hafîzā Crimean Tatar - Crimean Khanate 1520-1534 (Valide Sultân) Hürrem Selim II Roxelana Ruthenian - Polish or Ukrainian Nûr-Banû Murad III Cecilia Venier-Baffo or Rachel Venetian, Páros - Cyclades Islands, Most Serene Republic of Venice 1574-1583 (Valide Sultân) Safiye Mehmed III Sofia Baffo Venetian, Corfù - Ionian Islands, Most Serene Republic of Venice 1595-1603 (Valide Sultân) Handan Ahmet I Helena Greek 1603-1605 (Valide Sultân) Ful-Dane ( ? ) [15] Mustafa I ( ? ) Abkhazian [16] ( ? ) Mah-Firuze Hadice Osman II Maria ( ? ) Greek 1618-1620 (Valide Sultân) Mah-Peyker Kösem Murad IV - İbrahim Anastasia ( ? ) Bosnian, Tēnos - Cyclades Islands, Most Serene Republic of Venice 1623-1648 (Valide Sultân) Turhan Hatice Mehmed IV Nadia ( ? ) Ruthenian - Ukrainian 1648-1682 (Valide Sultân) Sâliha Dil-Âşûb Süleyman II Katarina ( ? ) Serb 1687-1689 (Valide Sultân) Hatice Mu’azzez Ahmet II Eva ( ? ) Polish Mah-Pare Ummatullah Râbi’a Gül-Nûş Mustafa II - Ahmed III Evmania Voria Cretan, Rethymno - Crete, Most Serene Republic of Venice 1695-1715 (Valide Sultân) Sâliha Sebkat-î Mahmud I Alexandra ( ? ) Greek - Greece 1730-1739 (Valide Sultân) Şâh-Sûvar Osman III Maria ( ? ) Serb 1754-1756 (Valide Sultân) Emîne Mihr-î-Şâh [17][18] Mustafa III Janet ( ? ) French or Georgian ( ? ) Râbi’a Şerm-î [19] Abdülhamid I Ida ( ? ) Circassian or French ( ? ) Mihr-î-Şâh Selim III Agnès Genoese, Italian - Genoa, Most Serene Republic of Genoa 1789-1805 (Valide Sultân) Nükhet-Sedâ [20] Mustafa IV ( ? ) ( ? ) ( ? ) [21] Mahmud II[22] ( ? ) [23] French ( ? ) ( ? ) Bezm-î-Âlem Abdülmecid Suzanne Circassian - Adyghe or Kartvelian 1839-1853 (Valide Sultân) Pertav-Nihâl Abdülaziz Besîme or Hasnâ Wallachian - Romanian ( ? ) 1853-1876 (Valide Sultân) Şevk-Efzâ Murad V Vilma ( ? ) Laz or Mingrelian (Poti, Mingrelia) 1876-1876 (Valide Sultân) Tîr-î-Müjgan [24][25] Abdülhamid II Virgin ( ? ) Circassian - Shapsugs Tribe or Armenian ( ? ) Gül-Cemâl [26][27] Mehmed V Sofia ( ? ) Albanian or Circassian ( ? ) Gül-İstü [28][29] Mehmed VI Gülistan Münîre or Henrietta ( ? ) Circassian - Adyghe / Laz or Mingrelian (?) References ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 355, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ "Sultan III. Mustafa Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-1297/sultan-iii-mustafa-han.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 363, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 395, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ "Sultan IV. Mustafa Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-1300/sultan-iv-mustafa-han.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  ^ The sources don't agree on the names of the biological mothers of Mustafa I and Mahmut II ^ Ottoman researches Foundadtion page (Turkish) ^ "Sultan II. Bayezid Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-1279/sultan-ii-bayezid-han.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 129, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 (www.nesilyayinlari.com) ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 157, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ "Yavuz Sultan Selim Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-1280/yavuz-sultan-selim-han.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  ^ "Mother Of Yavuz Sultan Selim". Osmanlı Araştırmaları Vakfı (Ottoman Research Foundation). http://www.osmanli.org.tr/osmanlisultanlari-5-218.html.  ^ "Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-1281/kanuni-sultan-suleyman-han.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 186, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 245, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ "Mother Of Mustafa I". Osmanlı Araştırmaları Vakfı (Ottoman Research Foundation). http://www.osmanli.org.tr/osmanlisultanlari-5-222.html.  ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 355, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ "Sultan III. Mustafa Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-1297/sultan-iii-mustafa-han.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 363, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 395, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 410, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ "Sultan II. Mahmud Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-1301/sultan-ii-mahmud-han.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  ^ "Mother Of Mahmud II". Osmanlı Araştırmaları Vakfı (Ottoman Research Foundation). http://www.osmanli.org.tr/osmanlisultanlari-5-239.html.  ^ "Sultan II. Abdülhamid Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-1305/sultan-ii-abdulhamid-han.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 505, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ "Sultan V. Mehmed Reşad Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-1306/sultan-v-mehmed-resad-han.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 519, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 ^ "Sultan VI. Mehmed Vahdettin Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-1307/sultan-vi-mehmed-vahdettin-han.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 535, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 Further reading Bernard Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey (Studies in Middle Eastern History), Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA; 3rd edition (September 6, 2001); Paperback: 568 pages; ISBN 0195134605; ISBN 978-0195134605 Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 (Hardcover). v · d · e Mothers of the Ottoman Sultans Halîme (13th century)  · Malhun (13th century)  · Nilüfer (14th century)  · Gül-Çiçek (14th century)  · Devlet (?–1411)  · Emîne (?–1449)  · Hümâ (15th century)  · Sitt-î Mükrime (1435–1467)  · Gül-Bahār (?–1510)  · Ayşe Hafsa (1479–1534)  · Hürrem (?–1558)  · Afife Nûr-Banû (1525–1583)  · Safiye (1550–1603)  · Handan (1574–1605)  · Mâh-Firûze Hadice (1590–1625)  · Meh-Peyker Kösem (1589–1651)  · Turhan Hadice (1628–1683)  · Sâliha Dil-Âşûb (1627–1689)  · Hatice Mu’azzez (1629–1687)  · Meh-Pâre Emetullah Râbi’a Gül-Nûş (1642–1715)  · Sâliha Sebkat-î (1680–1739)  · Şâh-Süvar (1682–1756)  · Emîne Mihr-î-Şâh (?–1732)  · Râbi’a Şerm-î (1698–1732)  · Mihr-î-Şâh (1745–1805)  · Nükhet-Sedâ (?–1850)  · Bezm-î-Âlem (1807–1853)  · Pertev-Nihâl (1812–1882)  · Şevk-Efzâ (1820–1889)  · Tîr-î-Müjgan (1819–1853)  · Gül-Cemâl (1826–?)  · Gül-İstü (1831–1861)