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Cornelia "Corrie" ten Boom (Amsterdam, April 15, 1892 – Orange, California, April 15, 1983) was a Dutch Christian Holocaust survivor who helped many Jews escape the Nazis during World War II. In 1970, Ten Boom co-wrote her autobiography, The Hiding Place, released in 1971 and which was made into a film of the same name two years later starring Jeannette Clift as Corrie. Contents 1 Holocaust 2 Harboring refugees 3 The secret room 4 Arrest and detention 5 Post-war 6 Life after the war 7 Honors 8 Religious views 9 Books By Corrie 10 Books About Corrie 11 Bibliography 12 References 13 External links Holocaust In 1940, the Nazis invaded the Netherlands and banned Corrie ten Boom's club for young girls.[citation needed] In 1942, she and her family had become very active in the Dutch underground, hiding refugees. They rescued many Jews from the Nazi SS. They helped Jews because of their veneration for those they believed were God's chosen people (though the Ten Boom family was known for their gracious character towards all, especially the handicapped),[citation needed] and provided kosher food and honored the Jewish Sabbath.[1] Harboring refugees In May 1942, a well-dressed woman came to the Ten Boom door with a suitcase in hand. She told the Ten Booms that she was a Jew and that her husband had been arrested several months before, and her son had gone into hiding. Occupation authorities had recently visited her, and she was too fearful to return home. After hearing about how the Ten Booms had helped their Jewish neighbors, the Weils (while this is the name given in her book, the actual name of the furrier across the street was N Weill & zoon), she asked if she might stay with them, and Corrie ten Boom's father readily agreed. A devoted reader of the Old Testament, Casper ten Boom believed Jews were indeed "the chosen," and told the woman, "In this household, God's people are always welcome." Thus began "the hiding place", or "de schuilplaats", as it was known in Dutch (also known as "de Béjé", pronounced in Dutch as 'bayay', an abbreviation of the name of the street the house was in, the Barteljorisstraat).[clarification needed] Ten Boom and her sister began taking in refugees, some of whom were Jews, other members of the resistance movement sought by the Gestapo and its Dutch counterpart. There were several extra rooms in their house, but food was scarce due to wartime shortages. Every non-Jewish Dutch person had received a ration card with which they could procure weekly coupons to buy food. Corrie knew many in Haarlem, thanks to her charitable work, and remembered a couple who had a developmentally disabled daughter. For about twenty years, Corrie ten Boom had run a special church service program for such children, and knew the family. The father was a civil servant who was by then in charge of the local ration-card office. She went to his house unannounced one evening, and he seemed to know why. When he asked how many ration cards she needed, "I opened my mouth to say, 'Five,'" Ten Boom wrote in The Hiding Place. "But the number that unexpectedly and astonishingly came out instead was: 'One hundred.'" The secret room Because of the number of people using their house as a safe place from the Nazis, the Ten Booms were encouraged to build a secret room in case a raid took place. After inspection, it was decided that the room would be built in Corrie's bedroom, as it was in the highest part of the house, which gave people who were trying to hide the most time to avoid detection (as a search would start on the ground floor). The hidden room was behind a false wall, designed by a member of the Dutch resistance. They were able to sneak bricks and other building supplies into the house by hiding them in briefcases and rolled up newspapers. When finished, the secret room was about 30 inches (76 cm) deep; the size of a medium wardrobe. A ventilation system allowed for breathing. To enter the secret room, a person would have to open a sliding panel in a cupboard, and crawl in on their hands and knees. In addition, an electronic buzzer was installed to give the homes residents warning of a raid. When the Nazis raided the Ten Boom house in 1944, six people used the hiding place to be free of detection. Arrest and detention The Nazis arrested the entire Ten Boom family on February 28, 1944 at around 12:30 with the help of a Dutch informant. They were sent first to Scheveningen prison (where her father died ten days after his capture). Corrie's sister Nollie, brother Willem, and nephew Peter were all released. Later, Corrie and Betsie were sent to the Vught political concentration camp (both in the Netherlands), and finally to the notorious Ravensbrück concentration camp in Germany, where Corrie's sister Betsie died on December 16, 1944. Before she died, she told Corrie, "There is no pit so deep that God's love is not deeper still." Corrie was released on New Year's Eve of December 1944.[2] In the movie The Hiding Place, Ten Boom narrates the section on her release from camp, saying that she later learned that her release had been a clerical error. The women prisoners her age in the camp were killed the week following her release. She said, "God does not have problems. Only plans." Post-war After the war, Corrie ten Boom returned to the Netherlands to set up rehabilitation centres. This refuge house consisted of concentration camp survivors and sheltered the jobless Dutch who previously collaborated with Germans during the occupation. She returned to Germany in 1946, and traveled the world as a public speaker, appearing in over sixty countries, during which time she wrote many books. Ten Boom told the story of her family and their work during World War II in her most famous book, The Hiding Place (1971), which was made into a film by World Wide Pictures in 1975. Life after the war In 1977, Corrie ten Boom, then 85 years old, moved to Orange, California. Successive strokes in 1978 took away her powers of speech and communication and left her an invalid for the last five years of her life. She died on her 91st birthday, April 15, 1983. Honors Israel honored Ten Boom by naming her Righteous Among the Nations. Ten Boom was knighted by the Queen of the Netherlands in recognition of her work during the war, and a museum in the Dutch city of Haarlem is dedicated to her and her family: the Ten Boom Museum. The King's College (New York) in the Empire State Building recently announced the addition of a new women's house called The House of Corrie ten Boom. Religious views Her teaching focused on the Christian Gospel, with emphasis on forgiveness. In her book Tramp for the Lord (1974), she tells the story of how, after she had been teaching in Germany in 1947, she was approached by one of the cruelest former Ravensbrück camp guards. She was reluctant to forgive him, but prayed that she would be able to. She wrote that, For a long moment we grasped each other's hands, the former guard and the former prisoner. I had never known God's love so intensely as I did then. She also wrote (in the same passage) that in her post-war experience with other victims of Nazi brutality, it was those who were able to forgive who were best able to rebuild their lives. She was known for her rejection of the Pre-Tribulation Rapture doctrine. Her writings claim that it is without Biblical foundation, and she has claimed that the doctrine left the Christian Church ill-prepared in times of great persecution, such as in China under Mao Zedong. She appeared on many Christian television programs discussing her ordeal during the Holocaust, and the concepts of forgiveness and God's love. Books By Corrie A Prisoner And Yet 1945 Amazing Love 1953 Not Good If Detached 1957 Common Sense Not Needed 1957 Plenty For Everyone 1967 Marching Orders For The End Battle 1969 Defeated Enemies 1970 The Hiding Place with John & Elizabeth Sherrill 1971 Tramp For The Lord with Jamie Buckingham 1974 Prison Letters 1975 In My Fathers House with C.C. Carlson 1976 Corrie's Christmas Memories 1976 Each New Day 1977 Prayers And Promises For Every Day 1977 He Cares He Comforts 1977 He Sets The Captives Free 197 Father Ten Boom: God's Man 1978 A Tramp Finds A Home 1978 Don't Wrestle Just Nestle 1978 This Day Is The Lords 1979 Clippings From My Notebook 1982 Not I But Christ 1983 Reflections Of God's Glory 1999 Messages Of God's Abundance 2002 I Stand At The Door And Knock 2008 In My Father's House 2011 Books About Corrie The Corrie Ten Boom Story: Turning Point by David Mainse 1976 My Years With Corrie by Ellen de Kroon 1978 Corrie: The Lives She Touched by Joan Windmill Brown 1979 The Secret Room: The Story Of Corrie Ten Boom 1981 Corrie Ten Boom: The Heroine Of Haarlem by Sam Wellman 1984 Corrie Ten Boom Speaks To Prisoners by Chaplain Ray 1985 The Five Silent Years Of Corrie Ten Boom by Pamela Rosewell Moore 1986 Corrie Ten Boom: Her Life, Her Faith by Carole C. Carlson 1986 The Life Of Corrie Ten Boom by Kiersti Hoff Baez 1989 Corrie Ten Boom by Kathleen White 1991 Corrie Ten Boom: Paint The Prisons White by Jill Briscoe 1991 Corrie Ten Boom: Heroes Of The Faith by Halcyon Beckhouse 1992 Return To The Hiding Place by Hans Poley 1993 Corrie Ten Boom: The Watchmakers Daughter by Jean Watson 1994 Corrie Ten Boom: Faith In Dark Places by Sue Shaw 1996 Corrie Ten Boom: Anywhere He Leads Me by Judith Couchman 1997 Corrie Ten Boom: Keeper Of Angels Den by Janet & Geoff Benge 1998 Corrie Ten Boom: Shinning In The Darkness by Renee Meloche & Bryan Pollard 2002 Life Lessons From The Hiding Place: Discovering The Heart Of Corrie Ten Boom by Pamela Rosewell Moore 2004 Corrie Ten Boom: Heroes Of The Faith by Sam Wellman 2004 A Visit To The Hiding Place: The Life Changing Experiences of Corrie Ten Boom by Emily S. Smith Corrie Ten Boom: Are All The Watches Safe by Catherine McKenzie 2006 Corrie Ten Boom (Chronicles Of Faith) by Kjersti Hoff Baez 2008 Bibliography Corrie ten Boom with John and Elizabeth Sherrill, The Hiding Place, Guideposts Associates, 1971. ISBN 0-340-17930-9, ISBN 0-340-20845-7 Corrie ten Boom with Jamie Buckingham, Tramp for the Lord, 1974, Hodder and Stoughton, London. Corrie ten Boom, Not Good If Detached, Christian Literature Crusade, 1980. Corrie ten Boom, Amazing Love, Christian Literature Crusade, 1982. Corrie ten Boom, Defeated Enemies, Christian Literature Crusade, 1983. Corrie ten Boom, Common Sense Not Needed-Revised, Christian Literature Crusade, 1994. Corrie ten Boom, Marching Orders for End Battle, Christian Literature Crusade. Corrie ten Boom, Plenty for Everyone, Christian Literature Crusade, 1980. Corrie ten Boom, In my Father's House, 1976. Corrie ten Boom, Each New Day, 1981. Corrie ten Boom, Father Ten Boom, God's Man, Fleming H Revell Co, 1978. Corrie ten Boom, The Hiding Place, Corrie ten Boom Co, 1977 References This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (February 2008) ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A622388 ^ Ten Boom, Corrie, with John and Elizabeth Sherrill (1976). However, the Jews they had been hiding at the time of their arrests remained undiscovered, and all but one survived the Occupation. External links Corrie ten Boom museum Holocaust Rescuers Bibliography U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum article Haarlem Shuffle - Corrie ten Boom Corrie ten Boom - a Dutch Savior The Hiding Place DVD: a remastered DVD including many of her testimonies Corrie ten Boom honored as Interfaith Hero on ReadTheSpirit.com The Hiding Place by Al Hartley No Pit So Deep:the life and witness of Corrie ten Boom Play by Elizabeth Burdick Corrie ten Boom Museum Virtual Tour Persondata Name Boom, Corrie ten Alternative names Short description Date of birth April 15, 1892 Place of birth Date of death April 15, 1983 Place of death