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London Array Offshore Wind Farm Location of London Array Offshore Wind Farm Country England, United Kingdom Locale 7 miles (11 km) off North Foreland, Kent Coordinates 51°38′38″N 01°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361Coordinates: 51°38′38″N 01°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 Status Under construction Construction began March 2011 Commission date End of 2012 (expected) Construction cost €2.2 billion Owner(s) DONG Energy (50%) E.ON UK Renewables (30%) Masdar (20%) Developer(s) London Array Limited Turbine information Turbines 341 x 3.6MW Manufacturer(s) Siemens Wind Power Wind farm information Distance from shore 7 mi (11.3 km) Power generation information Maximum capacity 1,000 MW As of 8 March 2011 The London Array is a planned offshore wind farm under construction in the outer Thames Estuary in the United Kingdom. With 1,000 megawatt (MW) capacity, it is expected to become the world's largest offshore wind farm.[1] The site is 17.77 miles (28.60 km) off the North Foreland on the Kent coast in the area of Long Sand and Kentish Knock,[2] and will cover 90 square miles (230 km2) between Margate in Kent and Clacton in Essex. The first foundation was installed in March 2011[3] and phase I is expected to be completed end 2012 at a cost of €2.2 billion. Contents 1 Description 2 Contractors 3 Developer 4 Financial support and timetable 5 See also 6 References 7 External links Description The first phase will consist of 175 SWT-3.6 turbines and two offshore substations.[4] All turbines and also offshore substations will be erected on 177 monopiles. In addition, the first stage includes 220 kilometres (140 mi) of 150 kV subsea export cable connecting the offshore substations to the shore and 210 kilometres (130 mi) of 33 kV array cables to link the turbines to each other and to the offshore substations and a new onshore substation near Graveney on the north Kent coast.[5] The proposers say the wind farm is enough to power a quarter of the homes in Greater London or the entire counties of Kent and East Sussex, when it's operating within its minimum windspeeds. Contractors Turbines will be supplied by Siemens Wind Power.[4] Their foundations are built by the joint venture between Per Aarsleff and Bilfinger Berger Ingenieurbau. The same company supply and install monopiles.[5] Generators will be installed by MPI and A2SEA by using an installation vessel TIV MPI Adventure and a jack-up barge Sea Worker.[6] Two offshore substations will be designed, fabricated and installed by Future Energy, a joint venture between Fabricom, Iemants and Geosea, while electrical systems and onshore substation work will be undertaken by Siemens Transmission & Distribution. The subsea export cable will supply by Nexans and array cables by JDR Cable Systems. The array cables will be installed by Global Marine Systems and the export cables will be installed by VSMC.[5] Developer Ownership is 50% DONG Energy, 30% E.ON UK Renewables and 20% Masdar.[7] The wind farm was planned to be built by London Array Limited, a consortium of Shell WindEnergy Ltd, E.ON UK Renewables and DONG Energy.[8] In May 2008, Shell announced that it was pulling out of the project.[9] It was announced in July 2008 that E.ON UK and DONG Energy would buy Shell's stake.[10] Subsequently on 16 October 2008, London Array announced the Abu Dhabi-based Masdar would join E.ON as a joint venture party in the scheme. Under the agreement, Masdar purchased 40% of E.ON's half share of the scheme, giving Masdar a 20% stake in the project overall.[11] Financial support and timetable In March 2009, the backers agreed on an initial investment of €2.2 billion.[12] Offshore work was due to started in February 2011 and the proposed completion date for the first stage is in 2012. The second stage (bringing the revised total to 217 turbines) will add enough capacity to generate 1,000 MW for 750,000 homes.[11][13] Financing of phase 1 have been achieved through the European Investment Bank and Danish Export Credit Fund with £250 million.[7] See also Thanet Offshore Wind Project — a 300 MW completed offshore wind farm near Thanet Greater Gabbard wind farm — a 500 MW consented offshore wind farm 23 km east of Felixstowe Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm - a 172 MW operational offshore wind farm 7km east of Clacton-on-Sea Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm — a 90 MW operational offshore wind farm in the Thames Estuary Wind power in the United Kingdom References ^ London Array official site ^ London Array boundary map (PDF) ^ name=London Array site First foundation March 2011 ^ a b Siemens AG (2009-05-19). "Siemens to provide 175 wind turbines for the world’s largest offshore wind farm London Array". Press release. Retrieved 2010-07-14.  ^ a b c "Trio hand out London Array prizes". Upstream Online (NHST Media Group). Retrieved 2010-01-01.  ^ London Array (2010-02-04). "London Array signs final major installation contracts for phase one". Press release. Retrieved 2010-07-14.  ^ a b Jensen, Mette Buck. DONG borrows GBP 250mio, 9 June 2010. Retrieved: 9 June 2010. ^ London Array project introduction ^ Shell pulls out of key wind power project, Financial Times, 01 May 2008 ^ The London Array. "E.ON and DONG Energy become 50:50 partners in world’s largest offshore wind farm". Press release. Retrieved 2008-08-16.  ^ a b The London Array. "E.ON and Masdar have joined forces as partners in the London Array offshore wind farm project" (PDF). Press release. Retrieved 2008-10-16.  ^ Teather D, "Thames offshore wind farm gets green light from investors", The Guardian, 13 May 2009 ^ UK's London Array Given Green Light External links Official site v · d · eWind power in the United Kingdom Energy in the United Kingdom · Renewable energy in the United Kingdom Companies Airtricity · Ecotricity · Npower Renewables · Siemens Wind Power · Vestas Onshore wind farms Black Law · Braes of Doune · Crystal Rig · Farr · Hadyard Hill · Scout Moor · Whitelee Offshore wind farms Barrow · Burbo Bank · Gunfleet Sands · Kentish Flats · Lynn and Inner Dowsing · North Hoyle · Rhyl Flats · Robin Rigg · Scroby Sands · Thanet Turbine installation vessels MPI Adventure · MPI Resolution Other North Sea Offshore Grid · Wind power in Scotland · Wind turbines (UK domestic) Category v · d · eElectricity generation in South East England Power stations Biomass Active Didcot A (co-fires) · Kingsnorth (co-fires) · Slough Coal Active Didcot A · Kingsnorth Closed Brighton A + B · Cowes · Earley · Eastbourne · Hastings · Littlebrook A, B + C · Northfleet · Osney · Richborough · Slough Gas Active Cowes · Damhead Creek · Didcot B · Humbly Grove · Hythe · Marchwood · Medway · Sevington · Shoreham · Storrington Closed Hastings · Slough Proposed/Future Grain Incinerators/Waste Active Allington Quarry · Basingstoke · Isle of Wight · Marchwood · Portsmouth · Slough Proposed/Future Newhaven Nuclear Active Dungeness B Closed Dungeness A Refused/Cancelled Dungeness C Oil Active Fawley · Grain · Kingsnorth (co-fires) · Littlebrook D Closed Littlebrook A, B + C · Northfleet · Richborough Wind Active GreenPark · Kentish Flats · Thanet · Romney Marsh Proposed/Future London Array · Southern Array (Hastings) Organisations Brighton Electric Light Company · Centrica · Expro International Group · Hammond Electric Light Company · Pre-nationalisation electric power companies · SEEBOARD · Southern Electric · Westmill Wind Farm Co-operative