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The Right Honourable The Lord Hardinge of Penshurst  GCB GCVO MC PC Private Secretary to the Sovereign In office 1936–1943 Monarch Edward VIII (1936-1936); George VI (1936-1943) Preceded by Col. The Rt. Hon. Sir Clive Wigram Succeeded by Capt. The Rt. Hon. Sir Alan Lascelles Nationality British Alexander Henry Louis Hardinge, 2nd Baron Hardinge of Penshurst GCB GCVO MC PC (17 May 1894–29 May 1960) was Private Secretary to the Sovereign during the Abdication Crisis of Edward VIII and during most of the Second World War. Hardinge was born in 1894, the son of The Hon. Charles Hardinge (who was later created Baron Hardinge of Penshurst in 1910). He was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards and fought in the First World War, alongside his brother, rising to the rank of Lieutenant and winning the Military Cross. In 1920, he became Assistant Private Secretary to King George V and was promoted Captain. On 8 February 1921, he married Helen Gascoyne-Cecil (a daughter of Lord Edward Gascoyne-Cecil and his wife, Violet) and they had three children. In 1929 he was promoted Major. Hardinge served as Assistant Private Secretary up until the King's death in 1936 and was promoted to Private Secretary upon the accession of King Edward VIII that same year; he continued in this role until his early retirement in 1943. In 1936 he also retired from the Army. Hardinge's elder brother, Edward, had died from wounds received in action in 1914 and so Hardinge succeeded as Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, on the demise of his father a year later, in 1944. Hardinge died in 1960 and his title was inherited by his son, George. Court offices Preceded by The Earl of Cromer Assistant Private Secretary to the Sovereign 1920–1936 Succeeded by Sir Godfrey Thomas Preceded by Sir Clive Wigram Private Secretary to the Sovereign 1936–1943 Succeeded by Sir Alan Lascelles Peerage of the United Kingdom Preceded by Charles Hardinge Baron Hardinge of Penshurst 1944–1960 Succeeded by George Hardinge v • d • e Edward VIII abdication crisis Main protagonists Edward VIII · Wallis Simpson Other persons involved Joseph Lyons (Prime Minister of Australia) · William Lyon Mackenzie King (Prime Minister of Canada) · Éamon de Valera (Prime Minister of the Irish Free State) · Michael Joseph Savage (Prime Minister of New Zealand) · J. B. M. Hertzog (Prime Minister of South Africa) · Stanley Baldwin (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom) · Alfred Blunt (Bishop of Bradford) · John Theodore Goddard (Mrs. Simpson's solicitor) · Alexander Hardinge (Edward VIII's private secretary) · Prince Albert, Duke of York (Edward VIII's brother, later George VI) · Queen Mary (Edward VIII's mother) · Ernest Aldrich Simpson (Mrs. Simpson's second husband) Legal documents Succession to the Throne Act 1937 (Canada) · Executive Authority (External Relations) Act 1936 (Ireland) · His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936 (UK) Cultural depictions Edward & Mrs. Simpson (1978) · Wallis & Edward (2005) W.E. (film) (2011) Category Persondata Name Hardinge Of Penshurst, Alexander Hardinge, 2nd Baron Alternative names Short description Date of birth Place of birth Date of death Place of death This biography of a baron in the peerage of the United Kingdom is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v • d • e