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Kermit Arthur Tyler April 13, 1913(1913-04-13) – January 23, 2010(2010-01-23) (aged 96)[1] Place of birth Oelwein, Iowa Place of death San Diego, California Allegiance United States Service/branch United States Air Force Years of service 1936–1961 Rank Lieutenant Colonel Unit 78th Pursuit Squadron Battles/wars World War II Pearl Harbor Awards Legion of Merit Other work Real Estate Broker Kermit A. Tyler (April 13, 1913 – January 23, 2010)[1] was an American Air Force officer. Tyler was assigned as a pilot in the 78th Pursuit Squadron at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, the day Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. Contents 1 Biography 2 Pearl Harbor 3 Later life 4 References 5 External links Biography Tyler was born on April 21, 1913, in Oelwein, Iowa.[1] Tyler moved with his family to Long Beach, California.[1] He joined the Civilian Conservation Corps for two years[1] before becoming an Army Air Corps flying cadet in 1936.[2] Pearl Harbor Main article: Attack on Pearl Harbor On 7 December 1941, Tyler was a first lieutenant in the Army Air Force serving as the Executive Officer of the 78th Pursuit Squadron, based at Pearl Harbor. That morning he was assigned duty as the Officer In Charge of the partly activated Pearl Harbor Intercept Center. His duties were to assist the controller in ordering planes to intercept enemy planes or supposed enemy planes, after the planes got in the air. New and untrained at the time, when warned of the approach of a large aircraft flight from the north, Tyler presumed it to be the scheduled arrival of six B-17 bombers from the mainland. The radar operators were tracking Japanese planes coming to attack the base. Radar operators, operating in training mode, failed to make clear the size of the formation even though it was larger than anything they'd ever seen, and he did not pass on an alarm of "attack imminent". Following an investigation by a Navy Court of Inquiry in August 1942,[3] it was determined that Tyler had been assigned to the Information Center with little or no training, no supervision, and no staff with which to work. Tyler was subsequently cleared on any wrongdoing by the Board and no disciplinary actions were taken against him. Later life Tyler retired as a lieutenant colonel in the United States Air Force in 1961. After leaving military service, he obtained a business degree and worked as real estate broker.[4] Tyler died of pneumonia on January 23, 2010,[1] at his home in San Diego, California, at the age of 96.[1] He was predeceased by his wife, Marian, and son, Michael; and survived by three children, Julie, Carol Daniels and Terry Tyler.[1] References ^ a b c d e f g h McClellan, Dennis (2010-02-24). "Kermit A. Tyler dies at 96; officer didn't act on radar warning about Pearl Harbor raid". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2010/feb/24/local/la-me-kermit-tyler25-2010feb25. Retrieved 2010-02-28.  ^ Goldstein, Richard (February 25, 2010). "Kermit Tyler, Player of a Fateful, if Minor, Role in Pearl Harbor Attack, Dies at 96". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/26/us/26tyler.html?ref=obituaries. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  ^ "Navy Court Of Inquiry: Kermit A. Tyler". Joint Congressional Committee, Nov. 15, 1945, to May 31, 1946.. U. S. Government Printing Office. http://www.ibiblio.org/pha/myths/radar/tyler_4.html. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  ^ "The Times obituary: Kermit Tyler". The Times of London. February 27, 2010. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article7042650.ece. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  External links Columbus Dispatch obituary Persondata Name Tyler, Kermit Alternative names Short description Date of birth April 13, 1913 Place of birth Oelwein, Iowa Date of death January 23, 2010 Place of death San Diego, California