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This article is an orphan, as few or no other articles link to it. Please introduce links to this page from related articles; suggestions may be available. (September 2008) Desulfococcus Scientific classification Kingdom: Proteobacteria Division: Delta Proteobacteria Genus: Desulfococcus Desulfococcus oleovorans Strain Hxd3 was isolated from the saline water phase of an oil-water separator from a northern German oil field.[1][2] Hxd3 is a delta-proteobacterium capable of utilizing C12-C20 alkanes as growth substrates.[1][2] Hxd3 activates alkanes via carboxylation at C3, with subsequent elimination of the terminal and subterminal carbons, yielding a fatty acid that is one carbon shorter than the parent alkane.[3] Hxd3 is the only pure culture that is known to carboxylate aliphatic hydrocarbons. The genome of Desulfococcus oleovorans has been completely sequenced by the Joint Genome Institute. Sequencing is paid for by a Department of Energy grant to Boris Wawrik et al. at Rutgers University. References ^ a b Aeckersberg, F., F. Bak, and F. Widdel. 1991. Anaerobic oxidation of saturated hydrocarbons to CO2 by a new type of sulfate-reducing bacterium. Arch. Microbiol. 156:5-14. ^ a b Aeckersberg, F., F. A. Rainey, and F. Widdel. 1998. Growth, natural relationships, cellular fatty acids and metabolic adaptation of sulfate-reducing bacteria that utilize long-chain alkanes under anoxic conditions. Arch. Microbiol. 170:361-369. ^ So, C. M., C. D. Phelps, and L. Y. Young. 2003. Anaerobic transformation of alkanes to fatty acids by a sulfate-reducing bacterium, strain Hxd3. Appl Environ Microbiol 69:3892-900. External links More information about the genome of the organism can be found at : http://www.meta-genome.net/Hxd3/