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The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the discussion on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until the dispute is resolved. (March 2010) This article contains weasel words, vague phrasing that often accompanies biased or unverifiable information. Such statements should be clarified or removed. (November 2010) Israeli settler violence refers to acts of violence committed by some Israeli settlers and supporters and Palestinians who live in the West Bank as well as against Israeli security forces in this area. Although the vast majority of West Bank settlers are law abiding, there is a rise in violent acts by extremist settlers against IDF troops and neighboring Palestinians.[1] As of 2008, the number of Jewish settlers involved in violent acts is estimated to be a few hundreds, out of a total population of about 500,000.[2] Prominent Jewish religious figures living in the occupied territories, as well as Israeli government officials, have condemned and expressed outrage over incidents of such behaviour.[3] In the years 2008-2009, the defense establishment began taking a harder line against unruly settlers.[1] Contents 1 Israel's settlement policy 2 Causes of violence 3 Criticism of Violence by Settler Leaders 4 Differing legal status and treatment of Israeli settlers and Palestinians 5 Law enforcement action against settlers 6 Settler riots 7 Involvement of youths 8 Attacks on Palestinian agriculture and property 8.1 Claims of staged vandalism 8.2 Well contamination 8.3 Attacks on mosques 9 Settler extremism 10 International reactions 11 Statistics 12 See also 13 Notes // Israel's settlement policy Settlements (darker pink) and areas of the West Bank (lighter pink) where access by Palestinians was closed or restricted at the time. Source: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, January 2006. Israel has justified its civilian settlements by stating that a temporary use of land and buildings for various purposes appears permissible under a plea of military necessity and that the settlements fulfilled security needs.[4] The United Nations affirmed the principle of international law that the continuation of colonialism in all its forms and manifestations is a crime and that colonial peoples have the inherent right to struggle by all necessary means at their disposal against colonial Powers and alien domination in exercise of their right of self-determination.[5] National liberation struggles are categorized as international armed conflicts by Article 1(4) of the Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 to which the majority of states (including the Western states) are parties.[6][7] The International Court of Justice concluded that Israel had breached its obligations under international law by establishing settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem and that Israel cannot rely on a right of self-defence or on a state of necessity in order to preclude the wrongfulness of imposing a régime, which is contrary to international law. The Court also concluded that the Israeli régime violates the basic human rights of the Palestinians by impeding the liberty of movement of the inhabitants of the Occupied Palestinian Territory (with the exception of lsraeli citizens) and their exercise of the right to work, to health, to education and to an adequate standard of living.[8] In Hebron, where 500-600 settlers live among 167,000 Palestinians, B'Tselem argues that there have been "grave violations" of Palestinian human rights because of the "presence of the settlers within the city." The organization cites regular incidents of "almost daily physical violence and property damage by settlers in the city", curfews and restrictions of movement that are "among the harshest in the Occupied Territories", and violence and by Israeli border policemen and the IDF against Palestinians who live in the city's H2 sector.[9][10][11] Human Rights Watch reports on physical violence against Palestinians by settlers, including, "frequent[ly] stoning and shooting at Palestinian cars. In many cases, settlers abuse Palestinians in front of Israeli soldiers or police with little interference from the authorities."[12] B'Tselem also says that settler actions include "blocking roadways, so as to impede Palestinian life and commerce. The settlers also shoot solar panels on roofs of buildings, torch automobiles, shatter windowpanes and windshields, destroy crops, uproot trees, abuse merchants and owners of stalls in the market. Some of these actions are intended to force Palestinians to leave their homes and farmland, and thereby enable the settlers to gain control of them."[13] Causes of violence Ghassan Daghlas, a Palestinian Authority official who deals with the settlements issue in the northern West Bank said, These groups of settlers are organised and support each other...If there’s an outpost evacuation, they call people from Hebron to Jenin to stop the Palestinians working on their lands. Michael Sfard, a lawyer with Yesh Din, an Israeli human rights group which monitors the violation of human rights in the Palestinian territories, stated that there are between a few dozen and a few hundred extremist settlers using a tactic called Price Tagging, if the Government sends police or soldiers to dismantle an outpost that is being built, the settlers make the Palestinian population pay the price. While people in the outpost are confronting the security forces, others start harassing Palestinians forcing commanders to divert men from the outpost and making them think twice about launching future operations. It’s such a big headache that many of the relevant authorities give up without trying and the outposts are quickly rebuilt once the army gives up and leaves.[14] Many Israeli settlers believe that their religion entitles them to the land of biblical Israel. According to a 2003 survey, nearly 40% of settlers in the West Bank "live there out of a belief in a divinely ordained mission to inhabit the land".[15] Human rights group B'Tselem says that the violence is "a means to harass and intimidate Palestinians" and that the evacuations are a necessary part of the peace process. According to B'Tselem that when a building is evacuated by the Israeli government, settlers lash out at Palestinians because they're "easy victims" and as a means to widen the area under settler control.[16] Criticism of Violence by Settler Leaders The Violence by extremist settlers against Palestinians has been harshly condemned by some of the leading religious figures in the West Bank, including Rabbi Menachem Fruman of Tekoa, who said: "Targeting Palestinians and their property is a shocking thing, (...) It's an act of hurting humanity. (...) This builds a wall of fire between Jews and Arabs."[3] The Yesha Council and former Knesset member Hanan Porat has also condemned violence against Palestinians. “The ‘price tag’ response is immoral,” Porat said. “It’s unheard of that one needs to burn the vineyards and fields of Arabs. It’s immoral…and it gives legitimacy to those who are interested in undermining the outpost issue. It’s a very grave matter.”[17] Yesha Council is the umbrella organization of municipal councils of Jewish settlements in the West Bank. The council chairman Dani Dayan said that settlers must not use violence to advance their means. He said that such actions were "morally bankrupt" and only serve to "hinder the settlers' struggle."[18] Differing legal status and treatment of Israeli settlers and Palestinians Unlike Palestinians, Israeli civilians living in the Palestinian Territories are not subject to military or local law, but are prosecuted according to Israeli penal law. This originates in the Emergency Regulations bill enacted in 1967 and extended since which gives extraterritorial rights to Israelis in the occupied territories. B'TSelem has said that the difference in legal status of Israelis and Palestinians in the territories has led to a double standard in which Israelis are given more legal rights and are punished more lightly than the Palestinians who are subject to military and local law. B'Tselem notes the system violates the principles of equality before the law and territoriality.[19] Referring to settler violence during the police evacuation of the "Federman Farm" near Kiryat Arba, Haaretz has stated in an editorial "Israeli society has become accustomed to giving lawbreaking settlers special treatment", noting that no other group could similarly attack Israeli law enforcement agencies without being severely punished.[20] Haaretz has characterized settler violence on soldiers and policemen who participated in the evacuation of the "Federman Farm" as "terrorism".[20] In response to the violence directed towards Israeli security forces, Israel declared it would no longer fund any illegal outposts from November, 2008.[21] After the evacuation of settlers from Hebron in December 2008, a riot ensued and a Jewish settler, Ze'ev Braude, was recorded on video shooting two unarmed Palestinians. The victims were shot on their own property, which Braude had entered, and later needed surgery. The Israeli State Prosecutor's Office decided to abandon the prosecution of Braude after the Israeli High Court of Justice ruled that the prosecution must give the defendant access to "sensitive information". The prosecutor's office had earlier said that some of the evidence against Braude was classified for security reasons, due to "the Shin Bet's sources and methods of operation, and identifying details about its units and people." Braude had petitioned the High Court for access.[22] The United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict reported on rioting and violence in the West Bank in the period preceding the Israeli military operations in Gaza. The report said "Little if any action is taken by the Israeli authorities to investigate, prosecute and punish violence against Palestinians, including killings, by settlers and members of the security forces, resulting in a situation of impunity. The Mission concludes that Israel has failed to fulfil its obligations to protect the Palestinians from violence by private individuals under both international human rights law and international humanitarian law.[23] Law enforcement action against settlers The United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict reported on rioting and violence in the West Bank in the period preceding the Israeli military operations in Gaza. The report said "Little if any action is taken by the Israeli authorities to investigate, prosecute and punish violence against Palestinians, including killings, by settlers and members of the security forces, resulting in a situation of impunity. The Mission concludes that Israel has failed to fulfil its obligations to protect the Palestinians from violence by private individuals under both international human rights law and international humanitarian law.[23] The report also stated that the International Court of Justice advisory opinion and “a number of United Nations resolutions have all affirmed that Israel’s practice of constructing settlements – in effect, the transfer by an occupying Power of parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies – constitutes a breach of the Fourth Geneva Convention”.[24] Yesh Din has produced a report, "A Semblance of Law", which found problems with law enforcement actions against Israelis in the West Bank. According to Yesh Din's study, which was conducted in 2005, more than 90% of complaints against Israelis were closed without indictments, 96% of trespassing cases (including sabotage of trees) against Israelis led to no indictment, 100% of property offenses against Israelis led to no indictment and 5% of complaints against Israelis were lost and never investigated.[25] As well as collecting statistics, Yesh Din examined 42 closed investigation files and found a number of shortcomings, including the use of Hebrew rather than Arabic, a lack of investigating alibis, police rarely went to the scene of the crime. Many closed files had insufficient investigation and in several cases closed files appeared to have sufficient evidence for indictment,[25] 8% of complaints resulted in indictments. The Israeli Justice Ministry responded by stating that legal authorities were closely following specific cases, but said that it was not in its authority to deal with every case.[26] Israeli security sources have said that it has become customary for some settlers to take the law into their own hands in the wake of terror attacks in the West Bank.[27] In the years 2008-2009, the defense establishment began taking a harder line against unruly settlers.[1] Settler riots Israeli withdrawals from Gaza (in 2005) and an eviction in Hebron (in 2008) triggered settler rioting in protest. There is also continual conflict between settlers and Palestinians over land, resources and perceived grievances. In August 2007, soldiers clashed with settlers during a raid in Hebron. Paint and eggs were thrown at the soldiers.[28] A violent settler protest at the Palestinian village of Funduk occurred in November 2007, in which hundreds of extremist settlers converged at the entrance of the village and rampaged. The protest occurred five days after a settler was killed by Palestinians. The settlers smashed the windows of houses and cars. According to Funduk villagers, Israeli soldiers and police accompanied the protesters but mostly stood aside while the settlers rampaged.[29] In December 2008 Hebron settlers angry at the eviction of settlers from a disputed house rioted, shooting three Palestinians and burning Palestinian homes and olive groves. Video footage of the attacks were recorded, leading to widespread condemnation in Israel. The attacks were characterized as "a pogrom" by then Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert who said he was ashamed "as a Jew".[30][31] Local Palestinians claimed that once the disputed house was evicted, the IDF and the police were "indifferent" to the violence against the Palestinians, and have made no real attempt to stop the settlers from rioting.[32] Some settlers have publicly adopted what they refer to as a "price tag" policy whereby settlers attack Palestinian villages in retaliation after settler outposts are removed by the Israeli government.[33] In April 2009, dozens of settlers from Bat Ayin rampaged through the West Bank village of Safa, smashing car windows, damaging homes and wounding 12 Palestinians.[34] The United Nations has warned that up to 250,000 Palestinians in 83 villages are "highly or moderately" vulnerable to settler retaliation if the unauthorized outposts in the West Bank are removed by the Israeli government. 75,900 Palestinians in 22 villages are "highly vulnerable". The report also warns that a number of roads around Palestinian villages may become dangerous for the Palestinians to travel on. The settlements Havat Gilad, Kedumim, Itamar, Yitzhar, Ma'aleh Levona, Shilo, Adei Ad, Nokdim, Bat Ayin, Neguhot, Kiryat Arba, Beit Haggai, Carmel and Susya are considered as possible threats to nearby Palestinians. The report criticizes "the inadequate level of law enforcement by the Israeli authorities" and "the ambiguous message delivered by the Government of Israel and the IDF top officials to the security forces in the field regarding their authority and responsibility to enforce the law on Israeli settlers".[35] Involvement of youths Some settler who attacked or harassed Palestinians are disaffected youths, referred to in the Israeli media as "hilltop youths". Welfare minister Isaac Herzog has labeled them a "security threat" as well as a "societal and educational danger".[36] Attacks on Palestinian agriculture and property Olive farming is a major industry and employer in the Palestinian West Bank and olive trees are a common target of settler violence. B'Tselem alleges that "olive pickers in areas near certain settlements and outposts in the West Bank have been a target of attacks by settlers, who have cut down and burned olive trees and stolen the crops" and that "security forces have not taken suitable action to prevent the violence." The IDF barred olive picking in extensive areas of land, claiming that the closures were to protect the olive pickers. The case went to the Israeli High Court in 2006 which found that, as a rule, lands are not to be closed because of settler violence, and that the IDF must enforce the law. According to B'Tselem the IDF has worked around this by saying the lands are closed to protect the settlers. [37] Amnesty International has said that scores of Palestinian owned sheep as well as gazelles and other animals were poisoned with 2-fluoracetamide near Tuwani on 22 March 2005, depriving Palestinian farmers of their livelihood.[38] In July 2009, a group of Israeli settlers riding horses and carrying torches raided Palestinian areas, burning 1,500-2,000 olive trees and stoning cars. [39] Claims of staged vandalism A settler group named "Tazpit Unit" claimed to have documented that Palestinians had destroyed trees with the intention of blaming settlers for the destruction. According to Yedioth Ahranoth, photos taken by the group "allegedly show Palestinians and left-wing activists cutting down Palestinian olive trees using an electric saw". The settlers claimed that the reported "price tag" operations by settlers were actually carried out by Palestinians with the aim of tarnishing the image of the settlers.[40] Well contamination On 13 July 2004, residents of Hirbat Atwana near Hebron found rotting chicken carcasses in their well after four Jewish settlers were seen in the village. Israeli police said they suspected militant Jews from a nearby settlement outpost called Havat Maon. Settlers blamed the action on "internal tribal fight between the Palestinians;" Israeli police spokesman Doron Ben-Amo said it was "unlikely" that the Palestinians would contaminate their own well.[41][42] On 9 December 2007, members of Christian Peacemaker Teams, an American NGO, reported to have observed a group of Israelis stop next to a cistern in Humra Valley, open the lid, and raise the bucket. The water was later found to be contaminated.[43] Oxfam, a British NGO, has reported that settlers deliberately poisoned the only well in Madama, a village near Nablus, by dumping used diapers into it; and that they shot aid workers who came to clean the well.[44][45] In March 2010, International Solidarity Movement reported that settlers sabotaged a natural spring used by Palestinians in the village of Qarawat Bani Hassan by pouring in a mixture of cement and sand. The settlers were protected by the Israeli Defence Forces as they destroyed the springs.[46] Attacks on mosques On December 11, 2009, suspected settler extremists attacked a mosque in the northern West Bank village of Yasuf near Nablus according to Palestinian officials and Israeli police. The people forced their way into the mosque and burned about 100 holy books including Korans, Hadiths, prayer carpets as well as spray painted anti-Palestinian slogans on the floor, some of which referred to the settlers' "price tag" policy.[47] In January 2010, Israeli security officers raided the settlement of Yitzhar, forcibly entered the settlement's synagogue and yeshiva buildings and arrested ten settlers, including the Rosh yeshiva, for alleged involvement in the mosque attack.[48] All were released by the court due to lack of evidence and the court reprimanded the police for arresting the rabbi. As of January 2010 no indictments were served. The state has appealed the ruling.[49] Settler extremism Most settlers desperately want to be regarded as part of the Israeli mainstream.[50] As of September 2010, only a tiny minority among them is violent.[50] The number of settlers involved in violent activities is estimated to have grown from a few dozen individuals into a few hundreds, out of a total population of about 500,000 Jewish settlers.[2] Extremist groups associated with the settler movement include Gush Emunim Underground that existed from 1979 to 1984 as a militant organization linked to the settler activist group Gush Emunim. They carried out attacks against Jewish students and Palestinian officials, attempted to bomb a bus and planned an attack on the Dome on the Rock. The New York Times has noted that the religious, ideological wing of the settler movement is growing more radical. It is widely suspected that a pipe-bomb attack on settler critic Zeev Sternhell was perpetrated by settler radicals, who left fliers at the scene offering 1 million shekels to anyone who kills a member of anti-settlement group Peace Now.[51][52] Public Security Minister Avi Dichter condemned the attack, calling it a "nationalistic terror attack".[26] Shin Bet security chief Yuval Diskin warned that he has "found a very high willingness among this public to use violence -- not just stones, but live weapons -- in order to prevent or halt a diplomatic process." He also called settlers' mindset "messianic" and "Satanic".[53] IDF Major-General Gadi Shamni has warned that there has been an increase in the number of violent settlers from a few dozen to hundreds and that the increase is impairing the IDF's ability to deal with other threat. A UN report recorded 222 acts of violence by settlers in the first half of 2008 compared with 291 in all of 2007.[2] International reactions The European Union has condemned "acts of violence and brutality committed against Palestinian civilians by Israeli settlers in the West Bank" calling on the Israeli government to put an end to it.[54] The Human Sciences Research Council (South Africa) (HSRC) a statutory research agency released an exhaustive study indicating that Israel practices both colonialism and apartheid in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. The study was conducted by an international team of scholars and practitioners of international public law from South Africa, the United Kingdom, Israel and the West Bank. The study reviewed Israel's practices in the territories according to definitions of colonialism and apartheid provided by international law. The project was suggested by the January 2007 report by South African jurist John Dugard, in his capacity as Special Rapporteur to the United Nations Human Rights Council. He said that the practices of Israel had assumed characteristics of colonialism and apartheid and that an advisory opinion on the legal consequences should be sought from the International Court of Justice.[55] Statistics According to B'Tselem 49 Palestinians were killed by Israeli civilians between 2000 and 2010,[56] of which the majority is settler-related.[57] According to B'Tselem a significant portion of the above were killed while attempting to infiltrate settlements or attacking Israelis.[57] B'Tselem also keeps a record of incidences of settler violence of which there have been 2 so far in 2009.[58] The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs observed 207 incidents involving settler violence against Palestinians in the period between September 2008 and March 2009. The number of settler attacks peaked on the 4th of December when the evacuation of the Beit HaShalom in Hebron took place.[59] See also Israeli settlements Palestinian political violence Notes ^ a b c Top IDF officer warns: Settlers' radical fringe growing, By Anshel Pfeffer, Haaretz 20.10.09 ^ a b c "'Hundreds join' settler violence". BBC. 2008-10-02. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7647991.stm.  ^ a b [1] ^ See for example Kretzmer, David "The occupation of justice: the Supreme Court of Israel and the Occupied Territories, SUNY Press, 2002, ISBN 0791453375, 9780791453377, page 83 ^ See General Assembly Resolution 3103, 12 December 1973, "Basic Principles Of The Legal Status Of The Combatants Struggling Against Colonial And Alien Domination And Racist Regimes" and United Nations General Assembly Resolution 39/17, 23 November 1984, "Universal realization of the rights to self-determination" ^ See Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977 [2] ^ Hillier, Tim "Sourcebook on public international law", Routledge, 1998, ISBN 1859410502, 9781859410509, page 627-628 ^ See the Judgment in "Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory", para 120, 134, and 142 [3] and PAUL J. I. M. DE WAART (2005) International Court of Justice Firmly Walled in the Law of Power in the Israeli–Palestinian Peace Process. Leiden Journal of International Law, 18, pp 467-487, doi:10.1017/S0922156505002839 ^ "Hebron, Area H-2: Settlements Cause Mass Departure of Palestinians". http://www.btselem.org/English/Publications/Summaries/200308_Hebron_Area_H2.asp.  ^ "Mounting Human Rights Crisis in Hebron". http://hrw.org/english/docs/2001/04/11/isrlpa241.htm.  ^ "Israeli human rights group slams Hebron settlers". http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=331234&contrassID=2&subContrassID=1&sbSubContrassID=0&listSrc=Y.  ^ "Israel: Palestinian Drivers Routinely Abused". http://www.hrw.org/english/docs/2001/02/27/isrlpa254.htm.  ^ "The Nature of Settler Violence". http://www.btselem.org/english/Settler_Violence/Nature_of_the_Violence.asp. Retrieved 2008-02-15.  ^ Hider, James (October 15, 2009). "West Bank settlers use ‘price tag’ tactic to punish Palestinians". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/middle_east/article6875304.ece. Retrieved October 16, 2009.  ^ Berg, Raffi (2003-08-18). "Israel's religious settlers". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3144791.stm.  ^ Gee, Robert W. (2008-08-25). "Settlers Increase Attacks On Palestinians In West Bank". http://www.coxwashington.com/hp/content/reporters/stories/2008/07/8/17/2008/08/25/ISRAEL_SETTLERCRIME17_COX.html.  ^ Israel - Rabbi Harshly Condemns Violence by Jewish Hooligans Against Arabs, 2 Jun 2009 ^ Yesha Council chair Dayan condemns recent settler violence, Jerusalem Post 12/08/2009 ^ "Settler violence: The dual system of law in the Occupied Territories". B'Tselem. http://www.btselem.org/english/Settler_Violence/Dual_Legal_System.asp.  ^ a b "Defeat settler terror". Haaretz. 2008-10-27. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1031614.html.  ^ "Israel cuts aid to outposts over settler violence". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2009-10-03. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/11/03/2408502.htm.  ^ Nevo, Yair (2009-07-23). "When security trumps justice". Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1102478.html.  ^ a b See Report of the United Nations Fact-Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict, A/HRC/12/48, 25 September 2009, para 85 ^ See Report of the United Nations Fact-Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict, A/HRC/12/48, 25 September 2009, para 198 ^ a b "A Semblance of Law - Law Enforcement upon Israeli Civilians in the West Bank". Yesh Din. http://www.yesh-din.org/site/index.php?page=summary&lang=en.  ^ a b "Yesh Din report: Only 8% of Palestinian complaints against settlers result in indictment". Haaretz. 2008-11-03. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1033864.html.  ^ "Israel fears Jewish extremists will avenge settlement murder". Haaretz. 2009-04-04. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1076122.html.  ^ Hider, James (2007-08-08). "Mutinous soldiers are jailed as Israeli army evicts 200 religious settlers after court order". London: The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/middle_east/article2217951.ece.  ^ Kershner, Isabel (2007-12-07). "Young Israelis Resist Challenges to Settlements". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/08/world/middleeast/08westbank.html?hp. Retrieved 2010-05-05.  ^ "Olmert condemns settler 'pogrom'". BBC. 2008-12-07. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7770384.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-05.  ^ Issacharoff, Avi (2008-12-07). "Hebron settler riots were out and out pogroms". http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1043795.html.  ^ Waked, Ali (2008-12-04). "Hebron burning: Settler fire injures Palestinians". http://www.ynet.co.il/english/articles/0,7340,L-3633603,00.html.  ^ Frenkel, Sheera (2009-05-21). "Israeli settlers burn olive groves in ‘price tag’ retaliation attack". London: The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/middle_east/article6721173.ece. Retrieved 2010-05-05.  ^ "Jewish settlers rampage through West Bank village". Reuters. 2009-04-08. http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSL837104020090408.  ^ "UN warns 250,000 Palestinians 'vulnerable' to settler violence". Haaretz. 2010-01-18. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1143281.html.  ^ Sinai, Ruth (2008-12-01). "Ministry to launch program to return alienated settler youths to mainstream fold". http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1042310.html.  ^ "29 Oct. 06: B'Tselem Urges the Security Forces to Prepare for the Olive Harvest". B'Tselem. 2006-10-29. http://www.btselem.org/english/Settler_Violence/20061029_Olive_Harvest.asp.  ^ Amnesty International (2005-04-05). "Israeli authorities must put an immediate end to settler violence". Press release. http://electronicintifada.net/v2/article3792.shtml.  ^ "Israelis torch 1,500 olive trees - report". Irish Times. 2009-07-20. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2009/0720/breaking50.htm.  ^ Yair Altman (2010-10-30). "Settlers: Arabs, leftists staged 'price tag' act Palestinians, leftwing activists documented while sawing trees in bid to accuse settlers". Ynetnews. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3976976,00.html.  ^ "Settlers suspected of well attack"]. BBC News,. 2004-06-13. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/3891531.stm.  ^ Settlers suspected of polluting wells, Maariv, 13 July 2004, retrieved from Wayback Machine on 18 August 2008. ^ "Cistern contaminated in Humra Valley". Christian Peacemaker Teams. 2008-01-19. http://www.cpt.org/cptnet/2008/01/19/tuwani-cistern-contaminated-humra-valley.  ^ "Water Wars". Channel 4,. http://www.channel4.com/science/microsites/S/science/water_feature/water_wars.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  ^ Pearce, Fred (2006-03-01). "Running on empty". London: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2006/mar/01/guardiansocietysupplement4.  ^ "Settlers Destroy Natural Spring Near Salfit". Al Jazeera. 2010-03-08. http://aljazeera.com/news/articles/34/Settlers-Destroy-Natural-Spring-Near-Salfit.html. Retrieved 2010-04-07.  "Settler Video". http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NZKjdDaZhwc&feature=player_embedded. Retrieved 9 April 2010.  ^ Hider, James (2009-12-11). "Settlers attack West Bank mosque and burn holy Muslim books". London: The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/middle_east/article6953281.ece. Retrieved 2010-05-05.  ^ "Police arrest 10 in raid on West Bank settlement". Haaretz. 2010-01-18. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1143391.html.  ^ "Settler teens suspected in West Bank mosque arson freed from custody". Haaretz. 2009-02-07. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1145648.html.  ^ a b [4] Yossi Klein Halevi, The New York Times, September 2, 2010 ^ Kershner, Isabel (2008-09-25). "Radical Settlers Take On Israel". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/26/world/middleeast/26settlers.html?_r=2&oref=slogin&ref=middleeast&pagewanted=all.  ^ Kraft, Dina (2008-10-08). "Radical settlers using violence against Jews". http://jta.org/news/article/2008/10/08/110707/jextreme.  ^ "Shin Bet chief warns of settler violence". UPI. 2008-11-03. http://www.upi.com/Top_News/2008/11/03/Shin_Bet_chief_warns_of_settler_violence/UPI-29461225717279/.  ^ "EU condemns settler violence". Israel News. 2008-10-31. http://www.ynet.co.il/english/articles/0,7340,L-3615844,00.html.  ^ see Academic study finds that Israel is practicing apartheid and colonialism in the Occupied Palestinian Territories ^ "Statistics". B'Tselem. http://www.btselem.org/english/Statistics/Casualties.asp.  ^ a b "Palestinians killed by Israeli civilians in the Occupied Territories, 29.9.2000 - 31.7.2010". B'Tselem. http://www.btselem.org/english/Statistics/Casualties_Data.asp?Category=3&region=TER.  ^ "Settler Violence". B'Tselem. http://www.btselem.org/english/OTA/?WebbTopicNumber=01&image.x=14&image.y=7.  ^ "West Bank Movement and Access Update May 2009". United Nations. 2009-05-25. http://www.ochaopt.org/documents/ocha_opt_movement_and_access_2009_05_25_english.pdf. Retrieved 2010-03-31.  v • d • e Judea and Samaria Area Cities Ariel · Beitar Illit · Ma'ale Adumim · Modi'in Illit Regional committees Hebron Local councils Alfei Menashe · Beit Aryeh-Ofarim · Beit El · Efrat · Elkana · Giv'at Ze'ev · Har Adar · Immanuel · Karnei Shomron · Kedumim · Kiryat Arba · Ma'ale Efrayim · Oranit Regional councils Gush Etzion · Har Hebron · Mateh Binyamin · Megilot Dead Sea · Shomron · Southern Jordan Valley (Bik'at HaYarden) Region: West Bank Other sub-divisions: Center District · Haifa District · Jerusalem District · North District · South District · Tel Aviv District See also: Population statistics · Israeli settlement · Human rights · Violence · International law · Israeli settlement timeline · Israeli West Bank barrier