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This article's lead section may not adequately summarize its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points. (October 2008) Kaunas Offensive Part of Operation Bagration Date July 28 - August 28, 1944 Location Lithuania Result Soviet victory Belligerents Germany  Soviet Union Commanders and leaders Walter Model (Army Group Centre) Ivan Chernyakhovsky (3rd Belorussian Front) Strength  ?  ? Casualties and losses  ?  ? v · d · e Leningrad and the Baltics 1941–1944 June in Lithuania – Summer in Estonia – Evacuation of Tallinn – Nazi occupation – Toropets-Kholm – Demyansk – Sinyavino – Iskra – Polyarnaya Zvezda – Relief of the siege – Narva – Karelian isthmus – Vilnius – Kaunas – Southern Estonia – Riga – Northern Estonia – Attempt to restore independence of Estonia – Moonsund – Re-occupation of Estonia – Courland – Re-occupation of Latvia The Kaunas Offensive (Russian: Каунасская наступательная) was part of the third phase of the Belorussian Strategic Offensive of the Red Army in summer 1944, commonly known as Operation Bagration. Contents 1 Role in the conflict 2 Planning 3 German planning 4 Deployments 4.1 Wehrmacht 4.2 Red Army 5 The offensive 6 Notes 7 References Role in the conflict Main article: Operation Bagration The Kaunas offensive was executed by the 3rd Belorussian Front on July 28 - August 28 1944, with the aim of destroying the German concentration on the western bank of the Neman river, the liberation of Kaunas, and reaching the boundaries of East Prussia. Planning After completing the Vilnius Offensive Operation, the troops of the 3rd Belorussian Front (the 11th Guards, 5th, 31st, 33rd, 39th Armies, the 5th Guards Tank Army and 1st Air Army) were engaged in intense fighting with German forces on the approaches to the Neman river during the second half of July, and were preparing for the continuation of the offensive. They were resisted by formations and units of the Third Panzer and Fourth Armies of the German Army Group Centre, under the command of Field-Marshal Walter Model. Towards the end of July, German units concentrated in the direction of Kaunas, according to Soviet estimates, included elements of 10 infantry and 2 tank divisions, 2 infantry brigades and 30 separate regiments and battalions. Stavka assigned to the forces of the Front the mission of pressing home the attack on the Kaunas axis not later then 1-2 August, through assaults by the 39th Army together with the 5th Guards Tank Army from the north, and the 5th and 33rd Armies from the south to occupy Kaunas – the most important defensive position on the approaches to East Prussia. The plan called for the Red Army troops to advance to the borders of East Prussia by the 10 August and assume a defensive configuration in preparation for advancing into East Prussia. German planning As with the parallel defence against the Belostock Offensive to the south, Model concentrated on a holding / delaying action using the few units available to him. The German Order of Battle for mid-July showed units from a large number of divisions in the area, but many of these were fragments that had escaped from the encirclement of the bulk of Army Group Centre in the previous phases of Operation Bagration; see deployments below.[1]. Deployments Wehrmacht Third Panzer Army (Colonel-General Georg-Hans Reinhardt) Korpsabteilung G (remnants of 95th, 197th and 256th Infantry Divisions that had escaped the previous phase of Operation Bagration) XXVI Corps (parts of 6th Panzer and other divisions) (General Gerhard Matzky) IX Corps (remnants) (General Rolf Wuthmann) Northern wing of Fourth Army (General Kurt von Tippelskirch to 18 July, then General Friedrich Hoßbach) XXXIX Panzer Corps (reconstructed) (General Dietrich von Saucken) 7th Panzer Division Red Army 3rd Belorussian Front (General Ivan Chernyakhovsky) 11th Guards Army (General Kuzma Galitsky) 5th Army 33rd Army (Lieutenant-General Vasily Kryuchenkin) 39th Army (Lieutenant-General Ivan Ludnikov)[2] 31st Army 5th Guards Tank Army (General Pavel Rotmistrov) 1st Air Army The offensive On 28 July the forces of the Front went over to the offensive, and by the end of 29 July they had advanced 5–17 km. By July 30 the German resistance on the approaches to the Neman was broken. In the 33rd Army sector, the 2nd Guards Tank Corps was introduced into the breakthrough: their rapid advance to Vilkaviškis threatened the German forces before Kaunas with encirclement and the Germans were forced to retreat. Using the success of the Tank Corps, the troops of the 33rd Army entered and secured Vilkaviškis and the railway station of Mariampolė on 31 July. Troops of the 5th Army broke into Kaunas and on the morning of 1 August took control of it. Towards the beginning of August the forces of the Front advanced up to 50 km and subsequently enlarged the breakthrough to 230 km, liberating more than 900 villages, townships, towns and small cities. During August, Raus' Third Panzer Army was reinforced and mounted a counter-offensive on the Front's northern flank in Operation Doppelkopf. German troops also delivered a series of strong counter-attacks south-west and west of Kaunas. Having countered these, the 3rd Belorussian Front's troops moved a further 30–50 km and advanced towards deliberately prepared German fortified positions on the line east of Raseiniai and Kybartai - Suwałki. From 29 August on the orders of Stavka, the Front went over to the defensive. As a result of the Kaunas operation the forces of the 3rd Belorussian Front reached the eastern borders of East Prussia. Notes ^ Hinze, p.42, gives a full OOB ^ Part 4, Людников И. И. Дорога длиною в жизнь. — М.: Воениздат, 1969. Road the length of a lifetime, Moscow, Voenizdat, 1969 [1] References This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (October 2008) Hinze, R. Ostfrontdrama 1944 Fight for the Soviet Baltic in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945, book 2, Riga, 1967 Karvyalis V. A. The liberation of the Lithuanian SSR from Hitler's occupation (1944-1945), Vilnius, 1975.