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Keio University 慶應義塾大学 Motto Calamvs gladio fortior (Latin: The pen is mightier than the sword) Established 1858 Type Private Endowment N/A Chancellor Prof. Atsushi Seike Academic staff full time 1,533[1] part time 1,045[1] Admin. staff 2,662 Students 32,275 Undergraduates 27,984 Postgraduates 4,291 Doctoral students 3,708 Location Minato, Tokyo, Japan Campus Urban Athletics 39 varsity teams Colors Blue and Red           Nickname Unicorns, etc. Affiliations ASAIHL Website Keio University Keio University as seen from Tokyo Tower Keio University (慶應義塾大学, Keiō Gijuku Daigaku?),abbreviated as Keio (慶應, Keio) or Keidai (慶大, Keidai), is a Japanese university located in Minato, Tokyo. It is known as the oldest institute of higher education in Japan.[2] Founder Fukuzawa Yukichi originally established it as a school for Western studies in 1858 in Edo (now Tokyo). It has eleven campuses in Tokyo and Kanagawa. It has nine faculties, with Letters, Economics, Laws, Business and Commerce, Medicine, Science and Technology, Policy Management, Environment and Information Studies, Nursing and Medical Care, and Pharmacy. The alumni include 3 Japanese prime ministers[3] and prominent corporate leaders. Currently 12 Keio graduates engage as the Fortune Global 500's CEOs.[4] Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Mission 1.2 Academic culture 1.2.1 Contributor to Japanese modern education systems 1.2.2 Dokuritsu Jison 1.2.3 Hangaku Hankyo 1.2.4 Shachu no Kyoryoku 2 History 3 Presidents 4 Student life 4.1 Societies 4.2 Festivals 4.3 Athletics 4.3.1 Kei-So rivalry 5 Organisation 5.1 Faculties(Entrance Capacity 6404) 5.2 Graduate Schools 5.3 Media Centers 5.4 Information Technology Centers 5.5 Affiliated Schools 5.6 Hospital and Rehabilitation Center 6 Campuses 7 Professors 7.1 Current professors 7.2 Former professors 8 Academic Rankings 8.1 General Rankings 8.2 Research Performance 8.3 Graduate school Rankings 8.4 Alumni Rankings 8.5 Popularity and Selectivity 9 Alumni 9.1 Politicians 9.2 Finance 9.3 Media 9.4 Other business people 9.5 Entertainment 9.6 Art 9.7 Thailand 9.8 Others 10 See also 11 Gutenberg Bible 12 Gallery 13 Sources 13.1 References 13.2 Bibliography 14 External links Overview The founder of Keio Fukuzawa Yukichi's statue on Hiyoshi campus. East Research Building in Mita Kyoseikan in Hiyoshi Keio traces its history to 1858 when Fukuzawa Yukichi, who had studied the Western educational system at Brown University in the United States, started to teach Dutch while he was a guest of Okudaira family. In 1868 he changed the name of the school to Keio Gijuku and devoted all his time to education. While Keiō's initial identity was that of a private school of Western studies, it expanded and established its first university faculty in 1890, and became known as a leading institute in Japanese higher education. It was the first Japanese university to reach its 150th anniversary, celebrating this anniversary in 2008. In 2009, Keio University was selected as a "Global 30" university, a government program "which is aimed at elevating... international competitiveness among the world's top universities and at creating an attractive environment for overseas students, while fostering students and researchers capable of playing active international roles."[5] Keio has leading research centers. It has approximately 30 Research Centers located on its five main campuses and at other facilities for advanced research in Japan[6] Keio has one of the largest financial endowments of any Japanese university.[7] Keio's School of Medicine has long-standing research links with the Harvard Medical School.[8] Keio University has joined the MIT and the French INRIA in hosting the international World W3C.[9] Mission Fukuzawa stated the mission of Keio shown below, which is based on his speech for the alumni's party on November 1st in 1896.[10] Keio Gijuku shouldn't be satisfied with being just one educational institution. Its mission is expected to be a model of the nobility of intelligence and virtue, to make clear how it can be applied to its family, society, and nation, and to take an actual action of this statement. It expects all students being leaders in society by the practice of this mission. Those sentences were given to students as his will, and considered as the simple expression of Keio's actual mission.[10] Academic culture Contributor to Japanese modern education systems Keio is known that it has primarily introduced many modern education systems in Japan. The followings are the examples. Keio is the earliest Japanese school that introduced the annual fixed course fee, designed by Fukuzawa.[11] It initially introduced the culture of speech to Japan, which Japan had never had before. It built Japan's earliest speech house Mita Speech House in 1875 as well.[12] It is regarded as Japan's first university which accept the international students.[13] Keio accepted 2 Korean students in 1881 as its (and also Japan's) first international students. 60 Korean students entered in 1883 and 130 Korean students in 1895. Dokuritsu Jison Keio put "Independence and self-respect (独立自尊, Dokuritsu Jison?)" as a fundation of its education. This is meant to be physically and mentally independent, and respect yourself for keeping your virtue.[14] Independence and self-respect are also regarded as Fukuzawa's nature and essence of his education.[15] Hangaku Hankyo Learning half and teaching half (半学半教, Hangaku Hankyo?) is the other unique culture in Keio.[16] During the late Edo period and the early Meiji period, several private prep schools often used students as assistant teachers and it was called "Learning half and teaching half". Keio also had initially used this system. In the early period of such schools of Western studies, there had been many things to learn not only for students but also professors themselves. Hence there had been sometimes the occasions that students who had learned in advance had taught other students and even professors. After the proper legal systems for education had been set up, those situations have been disappeared. However, Fukuzawa thought the essence of academia is a continuous learning, and knowing more things provides more learning opportunities. Keio respects his thought and put the rule in "Rules in Keio Gijuku (慶應義塾社中之約束, Keio Gijuku Shachu no Yakusoku?)" that there shouldn't be any hierarchy between teachers and learners, and all of the people in Keio Gijuku are just in a same company. For this reason, there is still a culture in this university that All professors and lecturers are officially called with the honorific of "Kun" but never "Teacher" or "Professor".[17][18] Shachu no Kyoryoku Collaboration in a company (社中の協力, Shachu no Kyoryoku?) is also a uniqueness of Keio.[19] Fukuzawa stated in 1879 that the Keio's success today is because of the collaboration in its company, and "Collaboration in a company" originally came from this article. People in Keio often think that all of the people related to Keio (e.g. professors, students, alumni and their family members) are the part of their company, thus they should try to help each other like brothers and sisters. This culture has been often seen especially in the alumni organization called Mita-Kai.[20] History Keio Gijuku in Tsukiji in 1862 The lecture of Economics by Fukuzawa during the Battle of Ueno on May 15 1868 Keio University in May 1912 Keio University (慶應義塾大学, Keiō Gijuku Daigaku?) was established in 1858 as a School of Western studies localted in one of the mansion houses in Tsukiji by the founder Fukuzawa Yukichi.[21] Its root is considered as the Han school for Kokugaku studies named Shinshu Kan established in 1796.[22] Keio changed its name as "Keio Gijuku" in 1868, which came from the era name "Keio"[23] and "Gijuku" as the translation of Public school.[24] It movied to the current location in 1871, established the Medical school in 1873, and the official university department with Economics, Law and Literacy study in 1890.[25] Keio has been forming its structure in the following chronological order.[26] Year University development 1858 Keio Gijuku was established 1879 It rejected an offer to become a national university.[27] Instead of that, it became a vocational school funded by Daimyos including Shimazu clan. 1890 University department with Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Law, and Faculty of Letters was set up 1906 Graduate school was set up 1917 School of Medicine was set up 1920 It was authorized as a university in the prewar system 1944 Faculty of Technology was set up 1949 It was authorized as a university in the post-war system 1957 Faculty of Business and Commerce was set up 1962 Graduate School of Business Administration was set up 1981 Faculty of Science and Technology (reformed from Faculty of Technology) was set up 1990 Faculty of Environment and Information Studies and Faculty of Policy Management was set up 1994 Graduate School of Media Design was set up 2001 Faculty of Nursing and Medical Care was set up 2004 Law School was set up 2008 Faculty of Pharmacy was set up There have been several notable things in Keio's over 150 year history as shown below. Keio launched Hiromoto Watanabe as a first chancellor of the Imperial University (University of Tokyo) in 1886. He is the first chancellor of the officially authorized university in Japan. Keio sent 6 students to abroad in 1899. In the same year, it accepted 3 international students from India, Qing Dynasty, and Thailand. 8 international students entered from Taiwan in the next year. Keio was visited by Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore where he made a speech in 1916. Keio was visited by Albert Einstein where he presented a lecture on the special theory of relativity in 1922.[28] It started to accept female students from 1946. A paper written by Keio undergraduate student as the first author was placed in the research journal Science in 2006, which had rarely happened to any undergraduate students.[29][30][31] Keio was visited by Prince Charles in 2008. Presidents Since the president system was established in 1881, there have been 18 presidents in Keio's history.[32] President Tenure President Tenure President Tenure President Tenure 1. Sadashiro Hamano 1881-1887 7. Shinzo Koizumi 1933-1947 13. Saku Sato 1969-1973 19. 2. Nobukichi Koizumi 1887-1890 8. Seiichiro Takahashi 1946-1947 14. Hiroshi Kuno 1973-1977 20. 3. Tokujiro Obata 1890-1897 9. Kouji Ushioda 1947-1956 15. Tadao Ishikawa 1977-1993 21. 4. Eikichi Kamata 1898-1922 10. Fukutaro Okui 1956-1960 16. Yasuhiko Torii 1993-2001 22. 5. Ichitaro Fukuzawa 1922-1923 11. Shohei Takamura 1960-1965 17. Yuichiro Anzai 2001-2009 23. 6. Kiroku Hayashi 1923-1933 12. Kunio Nakasawa 1965-1969 18. Atsushi Seike 2009- 24. Student life Mita Sai Societies In Japanese universities, there are student societies named "Circle". Although the accurate number is not clear, there are at least 410 circles in Keio.[33] Festivals Keio holds school festivals every year in each campus. The main festival is called "Mita sai" on Mita campus, which is usually held in late November.[34] Mita sai includes various activities for not only entertainment but also academic purposes. It is also a research workshop for students on Mita campus.[35] Approximately 200,000 people visit Mita sai every year.[36] Athletics Edward Bramwell Clarke and Tanaka Ginnosuke first introduced Rugby union to Japanese students at Keio University. (The game had been played in the treaty ports of Yokohama and Kobe before that, but not between Japanese teams.) The interest of Keio's students in baseball stretches back to the early years of the 20th century; and the history of exhibition games was reported internationally. In 1913, an American professional team made of players from the New York Giants and the Chicago White Sox played the Keio team in an exhibition game.[37] In a 1932 exhibition game, the Keio team beat the University of Michigan team which was then touring Japan.[38] Keio's baseball team plays in the Tokyo Big6 Baseball League (six prominent universities in the Tokyo area). Kei-So rivalry Kei-So Sen Traditionally, there has been a strong rivalry between Keio and Waseda University. There are annually many matches between 2 universities in several sports, such as baseball, regatta and rugby. These games are called "Kei-So Sen(慶早戦)", or more generally "So-Kei Sen(早慶戦)". The Kei-So baseball game is especially famous because of its over 100 year history and importance in Japanese baseball history. The most famous Kei-So baseball match was held on 1943/10/16, and it was made into a movie titled " The Last Game - the Final So-Kei Sen -" in 2008. There are 2 Kei-So baseball game seasons every year and They are usually broadcasted these by NHK. There is no lecture in Keio's all campuses on the game day because of the students who want to watch this match. Japanese emperors visited Kei-So baseball games 3 times in 1929,1950 and 1994. Keio and Waseda have been often compared to each other in other general topics, such as their popularity and alumni's successes. In fact, there are many books and magazine articles which compared with these universities.[39][40][41][42] Organisation New South building on Mita Campus Jukukankyoku on Mita Campus Mita speech house on Mita Campus Hiyoshi Campus Yagami Campus Kitasato Memorial Medical Library on Shinanomachi campus 3rd Building on Shiba Kyoritsu campus Faculties(Entrance Capacity 6404) It has nine faculties, which cover a wide range of academic fields, with each operating independently and offering broad educational and research activities. The faculties are: Faculty of Letters (800) Faculty of Economics (1200) Faculty of Law (1200) Faculty of Business and Commerce (1000) School of Medicine (112) Faculty of Science and Technology (932) Faculty of Policy Management (425) Faculty of Environment and Information Studies (425) Faculty of Nursing and Medical Care (100) Faculty of Pharmacy (210) Correspondence Courses(distance learning) Graduate Schools Graduate School of Letters Graduate School of Economics Graduate School of Law Graduate School of Human Relations Graduate School of Business and Commerce Graduate School of Medicine Graduate School of Science and Technology Graduate School of Business Administration Graduate School of Media and Governance Graduate School of Health Management Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences Law School Graduate School of Media Design Graduate School of System Design and Management Media Centers Main article: Keio Media Centers (Libraries) Keio’s Media Centers, with combined holdings of over 4.58 million books and publications, are one of the largest academic information storehouses in the country.[43] Mita Media Center Hiyoshi Media Center Media Center for Science and Technology Shinanomachi Media Center SFC Media Center Information Technology Centers ITC Headquarters Mita ITC Hiyoshi ITC Shinanomachi ITC Science & Technology ITC Shonan Fujisawa ITC Affiliated Schools Elementary Education Keio Yochisha Elementary School Secondary Education Keio Futsubu School (Boys Junior High School) Keio Chutobu Junior High School Keio Shonan Fujisawa Junior and Senior High School Keio Senior High School Keio Shiki Senior High School Keio Girls Senior High School Keio Academy of New York (High School) Language Education Japanese Language Program Keio Foreign Language School Others Keio Marunouchi City Campus (KMCC) Hospital and Rehabilitation Center Keio University Hospital is one of the largest and best known general hospitals in Japan and is also a prestigious teaching hospital. Established in 1920, it has over 1,000 beds, a cutting-edge laboratory, and research and medical information divisions.[6] Keio University Hospital (慶應義塾大学病院 or 慶應大学病院?) Tsukigase Rehabilitation Center (月が瀬リハビリテーションセンター?) Campuses It has eleven campuses. Mita Campus (Mita, Minato ward, Tokyo) Hiyoshi Campus (Yokohama, Kanagawa) Yagami Campus (Yokohama, Kanagawa) Shinanomachi Campus (Shinjuku) Shonan Fujisawa Campus (Fujisawa, Kanagawa, aka SFC) designed by Fumihiko Maki Shiba Kyoritsu Campus (Minato ward, Tokyo) Shin-Kawasaki Town Campus (Kawasaki, Kanagawa) Tsuruoka Town Campus of Keio (Tsuruoka, Yamagata, aka TTCK) Urawa Kyoritsu Campus (Urawa, Saitama) Keio Osaka Riverside Campus (Osaka) Keio Marunouchi City Campus (Tokyo) Professors Current professors There are several notable professors such as shown below. Name Faculty Area of research Notable achievement Takayuki Tatsumi Letters American literature Science fiction scholar He provided a new perspective to American literature by using the deconstruction theory Jun Murai Kazuhito Ikeo Economics Finance, Japanese Economics Former president of Nippon Finance Association He contributed to design the Big Bang liberalization of the Japanese financial sector as a chairperson of Economic Council in 1996. Masao Ogaki Economics Macro Economics, International Finance, Quantitative Economics Repec listed him as one of the top 10% Economists in the world (1326th).[44] Mitsuhiro Fukao Business and Commerce International Finance, Corporate Governance Chairperson of Japan Center for Economic Research Repec listed him as one of the top 25% Economists in Japan[45] Yoshio Higuchi Business and Commerce Labor Economics, Quantitative Economics Vice president of Japan Economic Association[46] Hideo Saito Science and Technology Information Engineering Project leader of the Technology to display 3D contents into Free Space Junichi Ushiba Science and Technology Biomedical Engineering He has developed an interface to connect between the avatar in Second Life and the human brain.[47][48] Kohei Itoh Science and Technology Quantum Computing He has successfully generated and detected quantum entanglement between electron spin and nuclear spin in phosphorus impurities added to silicon with Dr. John Morton at Oxford University. This is the world's first successful generation.[49] Kazuo Nakazawa Science and Technology Robotics, Machine Learning He has developed the laparoscopic surgery robot system with real-time tactile feedback.[50] Takahira Yamaguchi Science and Technology Information Engineering, Artificial Intelligence He has developed the autonomous collaboration system between more than 2 robots by using the Semantic Web. He has also developed the Intelligent humanoid robot with use of the information on Wikipedia.[51] Tetsuya Suzuki Science and Technology Material Science, Nanotechnology He has developed the Diamond-like carbon films for PET bottles and medical applications.[52] Yasuhiro Koike Science and Technology Material Science He has developed the High-bandwidth graded-index plastic optical fiber.[53] He is thought as one of the Nobel Prize candidates in Physics in terms of the achievement of plastic optical fiber.[54][55] Heizō Takenaka Policy Management Economic policy, Macro Economics Former Japanese Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications Shirō Asano Policy Management Politics Former governor of Miyagi Jun Murai Environment and Information Studies Informatics Founder of JUNET and president of WIDE University[56] He is known as the father of Japan's Internet.[57][58] Hiroshi Shimizu Environment and Information Studies Electric car Project leader of Eliica project (Electric Lithium-Ion Car) Masaru Tomita Environment and Information Studies School of Medicine Bioinformatics, Metabolomics He has established the metabolomics analysis by using the CE-MS. Former professors Kafū Nagai, Member of Japan Art Academy, Order of Culture Shinobu Orikuchi, Ethnologist Kitasato Shibasaburō, nominated for Nobel Prize Ryogo Kubo, the Boltzmann Medal, Order of Culture Joseph E. Stiglitz, Professor of Columbia University, Nobel Prize in Economics (visiting professor) James Cousins, Professor of English Literature, Irish Poet, nominated for Nobel Prize John Henry Wigmore.[59] Academic Rankings University rankings (overall) Toyo Keizai National[60] General 2 Kawaijuku National[61] General 6 T. Reuters National[62] Research 10 WE National[63] Employment 3 NBP Greater Tokyo[64][65] Reputation 3 Shimano National[66] Selectivity SA QS Asia[67] General 23 ARWU Asia/Pacific[68] Research 27-43 QS World[69] General 206 ARWU World[70] Research 201-300 ENSMP World[71] Alumni 3 University rankings (by subject) Social Sciences & Humanities LAW Asahi National[72] Research 2 BE Success National[73] Qualification 3 BE Pass rate National[74] Qualification 1 ECONOMICS RePec National[75] Research 6 BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT Eduni MBA National[76] General 1 Eduni MBA World[77] General 75 CPA Success National[78] Qualification 1 Natural Sciences & Technology Engineering Nikkei National[79] Research 8 Keio University is one of the most prestigious universities in Japan. It can be seen in the following rankings. General Rankings The university has been ranked 2nd during 2007-2010 in the ranking called "Truly Strong Universities(本当に強い大学)" by Toyo Keizai.[80] In another ranking, Japanese prep school Kawaijuku ranked Keio as the 6th best university in Japan.[61] It was ranked 142nd in the world by Times Higher Education World University Rankings (2009).[81] In its Asian University Ranking (2010), Quacquarelli Symonds also ranked Keio as 23rd in Asia.[67] The Academic Ranking of World Universities (2010), which is compiled by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, ranks Keio 201-300 in the world and 27-43 in Asia.[70] Research Performance Generally speaking, National Universities in Japan have better research standards, however Keio is one of the few Private Universities which compete with top National Universities. According to Thomson Reuters, Keio is the 10th best research university in Japan, and it's the only private university within Top 15.[62] In addition, Weekly Diamond reported that Keio has the 8th highest research standard in Japan in terms of research fundings per researchers in COE Program, and it's also the only private university within Top 10.[82] Keio especially shows a high research standard in Materials science. According to Thomson Reuters, Keio is the 3rd best university in Japan in terms of citations per paper in Materials Science during 2005-2009.[83] It was also ranked within top 7 in Neuroscience, Clinical medicine, Biology and Biochemistry, within top 10 in Molecular biology, Genetics, Psychiatry, Psychiatry, Psychology, Social Sciences, and Humanities in terms of citation per paper surveyed by National Institute of Informatics and Thomson Reuters during 2002 and 2006.[84] Asahi Shimbun summarized the amount of academic papers in Japanese major legal journals by university, and Keio was ranked 2nd during 2005-2009.[72] Keio is also a leading university in Economics. According to Asahi Shimbun, Keio's been ranked 7th in Japan in the economic research ranking during 2005-2009.[85] More recently, Repec in Jan 2011 ranked Keio's Economic department as Japan's 6th best economic research university.[45] Keio has provided 3 presidents of Japanese Economic Association in its 42 year history, and this number is 5th largest.[86] In addition, Nikkei Shimbun on 2004/2/16 surveyed about the research standards in Engineering studies based on Thomson Reuters, Grants in Aid for Scientific Research and questionnaires to heads of 93 leading Japanese Research Centers, and Keio was placed 8th (research planning ability 4th/informative ability of research outcome 3rd) in this ranking.[87] Moreover, Keio has the largest asset size of patents among Japanese universities.[88] Graduate school Rankings Keio Business School is Japan's earliest business school and one of only two Japanese business schools receiving a certification from The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB).[89] It is ranked No. 1 in Japan by Nikkei Shimbun.[90] Eduniversal also ranked Japanese business schools and Keio was top in Japan (75th in the world).[91] In this ranking, Keio is one of 3 Japanese business schools categorized in "Universal Business schools with major international influence". Keio Law School is considered as one of the top Japanese law schools, as Keio's pass rate for bar exam in 2010 was top (and 6th in 2009) in Japan.[92] Alumni Rankings Keio has a unique alumni organization called Mita-Kai and it has a strong solidarity and massive influence in Japanese industries.[20] It represents the strongest advantage and characteristic of this university. According to the Weekly Economist's 2010 rankings and the PRESIDENT's article on 2006/10/16, graduates from Keio University have the 3rd best employment rate in 400 major companies, and the alumni's average salary is the 3rd best in Japan.[93][94] École des Mines de Paris ranks Keio University as 3rd in the world in 2011 in terms of the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies.[71] The university is also ranked 1st in Japan for the number of alumni holding the position of executive in the listed companies of Japan, and this number per student (probability of becoming an executive) is also top.[83][95] Keio has been influential in Japanese medical societies as well. In fact, there have been 4 presidents of Japan Medical Association related to this university (2 Alumni and 2 professors).[96] This number is the 2nd largest among Japanese medical schools.[97] Keio is one of 2 Japanese universities which provided a president of World Medical Association.[98] For over 30 years, Keio graduates have been ranked first in Japan in the number of successful national CPA exam applicants.[6] Furthermore, the number of Members of Parliament who graduated Keio has been 3rd in Japan.[99][85] Popularity and Selectivity Keio is a popular university in Japan. The number of applicants per place was 11.7(48260/4098) in the 2011 undergraduate admissions.[100] Its entrance difficulty is usually considered as top with Waseda among 730 private universities.[101][102][103] Nikkei BP has been publishing a ranking system called "Brand rankings of Japanese universities" every year, composed by the various indications related to the power of brand, and Keio was top in 2009 and 3rd in 2010 in Greater Tokyo Area.[104][64] The 4ICU ranking, which evaluates universities by web popularity instead of quality of education, classifies Keio as 1st in Japan, 2nd in Asia and 14th in the world.[105][106][107] Webometrics (2008) also ranks Keio University as 3rd in Japan, 11th in Asia, and 208th in the world for quantity and quality of web presence and link visibility.[108] In a unique ranking, TBS ranked Japanese universities by the questionnaire of "Which university student do you want to have as your boyfriend?" to 300 girls in Shibuya, and Keio was ranked 1st in this ranking .[109] Alumni Some of the prominent Keio alumni include: Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi (2001–2006), Ryutaro Hashimoto (1996–1998), and Tsuyoshi Inukai (1931–1932). Dozens of other alumni have been cabinet members and governors in the post-war period.[110] Its alumni include 230 CEOs of major companies and 97 CEOs of foreign affiliated companies (both highest in Japan).[6] Keio has over 320,000 alumni in 866 alumni associations.[6][111] Politicians Former (1931–1932) Japanese prime minister Tsuyoshi Inukai Former (1996–1998) Japanese prime minister Ryutaro Hashimoto Former (2001–2006) Japanese prime minister Junichiro Koizumi Junichiro Koizumi, the 87th/88th/89th Prime Minister of Japan (2001–2006), the 20th President of Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (Economics 1967) Ryutaro Hashimoto, the 82nd/83rd Prime Minister of Japan (1996–1998), the 17th President of Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (Law 1960) Tsuyoshi Inukai, the 29th Prime Minister of Japan (1931–1932), the 6th President of Rikken Seiyukai Ichirō Ozawa, Former President of Democratic Party of Japan, Former Secretary General of Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (Economics 1967) Tamisuke Watanuki, President of People's New Party, Former Speaker of The House of Representatives of Japan (Economics 1950) Kenji Kosaka, Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Law 1968) Jirō Kawasaki, Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare (Business and Commerce 1971) Andrew Thomson, Minister for Sport and Tourism and Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for the Sydney 2000 Games in the Australian Government 1997 - 1998 Shigefumi Matsuzawa, Governor of Kanagawa (Law 1982) Akihiko Noro, Governor of Mie (Science and Technology 1969) Daijiro Yamashita, Governor of Kochi (Economics 1970 and Law 1972) Genjirō Kaneko, Governor of Nagasaki (Letters 1968) Hiroshi Nakai, Chairman of the National Commission on Public Safety, Minister of State for Disaster Management and the Abduction Issue (Economics 1969) Yūzan Fujita, Governor of Hiroshima (Business and Commerce 1972) Keiichi Inamine, Governor of Okinawa (Economics 1957) Ichiro Fujisaki, Chairman of Executive Committee of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (Law Dropout 1969) Shinichi Kitajima, Permanent Representative of Japan to the OECD (Economics 1971) Masaharu Ikuta, President of Japan Post, Former CEO of Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (Economics 1957) Atsushi Saito, CEO and President of Industrial Revitalization Corporation of Japan (Business & Commerce 1963) Hideo Shinozaki, Director General of National Institute of Public Health (Medicine) Toru Kawajiri, President of The National Institute for Defense Studies (Economics 1973) Yukio Ozaki, "Father of parliamentary politics" in Japan.[112] Nobuteru Ishihara, Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Minister of State for Administrative and Regulatory Reform, Candidate for the LDP presidency 2008 Hirofumi Nakasone, Minister for Foreign Affairs Masajūrō Shiokawa, Minister of Finances, Minister of Education and Chief Cabinet Secretary Hidenao Nakagawa, Chief Cabinet Secretary Mitsuo Horiuchi, Minister of International Trade and Industry Yoshiyuki Kamei, Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ryu Shionoya, Minister of Education, Science and Technology Shigeru Ishiba, Minister of Defense, Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Kazuyoshi Kaneko, Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism and Minister for Ocean Policy Takeo Kawamura, Minister of Education, Science and Technology and Chief Cabinet Secretary Akira Amari, Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry and Minister of State in charge of Administrative Reform Tatsuya Ito, Minister of State for Financial Services Tadamori Oshima, Minister of Agriculture Takeo Hiranuma, Minister of Transport and Minister of Economy, Trade, and Industry Akira Nagatsuma, Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare, Minister of State for Pension Reform Masajuro Shiokawa, Chief Cabinet Secretary of Japan Finance Taizo Nishimuro, Chairman and CEO of Tokyo Stock Exchange, Former CEO of Toshiba Corporation (Economics 1961) Toshio Ando, Chairman of Japan Securities Dealers Association, Chairman of Nomura Asset Management (Law 1974) Shigeharu Suzuki, President and CEO of Daiwa Securities Group (Economics 1971) Junichi Arimura, President and CEO of Nikko Cordial Corporation (Business and Commerce 1973) Toshiaki Ito, CEO and President of JAFCO (Law 1971) Masanori Mochida, President of Goldman Sachs Japan (Economics) Kensuke Hotta, Chairman of Morgan Stanley Japan (Economics) Haruyasu Asakura, Managing Director and Head of Japan Growth Capital team of Carlyle Group (Science and Technology) Taisuke Sasanuma, Founder and Representative Partner of Advantage Partners (Law, MBA) Shigetoshi Yoshihara, Governor of the Bank of Japan Shigeharu Suzkui, President and CEO of Daiwa Securities Group[citation needed] Media American sociologist Ted Nelson Shoichi Ueno, owner of The Asahi Shimbun (Law 1958) Tōru Shōriki, owner of The Yomiuri Shimbun (Economics 1942) Takuo Takihana, president of The Yomiuri Shimbun (Law 1963) Takehiko Kiyohara, chairman of The Sankei Shimbun (Law 1962) Nagayoshi Sumida, president of The Sankei Shimbun (Economics 1969) Michisada Hirose, chairman of The National Association of Commercial Broadcasting in Japan, Chairman of the Board of TV Asahi Corporation (Law 1958) Shintaro Kubo, president of Nippon Television Network (Economics 1968) Yukio Sunahara, chairman and CEO of Tokyo Broadcasting System (Letters 1961) Other business people Akio Toyoda President and CEO Toyota Motor Corporation 2009-current Yutaka Asoh, later to be known as Yutaka Katayama, the first president of the U.S. operations of Nissan Motors (Economics 1935) Kakutaro Kitashiro, Leader of Japan Association of Corporate Executives, Chairman of IBM Japan (Science and Technology 1967) Katsuaki Watanabe, President of Toyota Motor Corporation (Economics 1964).[113] Yuzaburo Mogi, Chairman and CEO of Kikkoman Corporation (Law 1958) Takashi Ushiku, President and COO of Kikkoman Corporation (Economics 1963) Shinzo Maeda, President and CEO of Shiseido (Letters 1970) Kazuyasu Kato, President of Kirin Brewery (Business and Commerce 1968) Yoji Ohashi, Chairman of the Board of All Nippon Airways (Law 1964) Shinji Yamamoto, Partner and Head of Bain and Company Japan (Economics 1982) Yoshiaki Sakito, President of Apple Computer Japan (Master Science and Technology 1983) Yoshio Nakamura, Acting Director General of Japan Business Federation Ichizō Kobayashi, Founder of Hankyu Railway and the Takarazuka Revue, Minister of Commerce and Industry in the 1940 Konoe Cabinet Fusanosuke Kuhara Nobutada Saji, Chief executive of Suntory Ltd. Toshio Kagami, CEO of Oriental Land Company Ikuo Nakagawa, CEO of Konica Minolta Danka Imaging Takao Kusakari, Chairman, Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK Line) Yoshiharu Fukuhara, Honorary Chairman of Shiseido Co., Ltd., and Director of Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography Masamichi Toyama, Chairman of Smiles Co., Ltd. Yoshitoshi Kitajima, President of Dai Nippon Printing Company, Ltd. Entertainment Nakata Atsuhiko, comedian/actor, (Economics) Ryo Fukawa, comedian (Economics) Yo Hitoto, singer (Environmental Studies) Ichikawa Ennosuke III, kabuki actor Yujiro Ishihara, actor (Dropout) Koji Ishizaka, actor Koide Keisuke, actor, (Literature) Takahiro Konagawa, musician, member of band, Charcoal Filter (Dropout) Asami Konno, singer, former member of group, Morning Musume (Currently attending), (Environmental Studies, admission office) Misako Konno, actress, Ambassadress of United Nations Development Programme Kreva, singer, member of Kick the Can Crew Takashi Matsumoto, lyricist, former member of Happy End Masataka Matsutoya, music producer Hiro Mizushima, actor (majoring Policy) Hiroshi Ōnogi, a screenwriter and novelist focused on anime productions Haruhiko Mikimoto an anime character designer, illustrator and manga artist Yusuke Miyazaki, musician (keyboardist/pianist) Kōyū Ohara, film director Sho Sakurai, singer, actor, newscaster, member of group Arashi (Economics) Koide Keisuke, actor (majoring in Literature) Hiromi Sakimoto, actor, singer, entertainment (Law) Koji Suzuki, horror author, author of Ring Mariya Takeuchi, musician (Literature, Dropout) Tigarah, Baile Funk emcee Kajirō Yamamoto, film director Fumi Yoshinaga, mangaka Yujiro, actor, television entertainer, Comedian Yukana, voice actress and singer (Law) Art Rei Kawakubo, designer (founder of Comme des Garcons label) Yohji Yamamoto, Fashion Designer.[114] Shusaku Endo, Akutagawa Prize, Order of Culture (Literature) Daigaku Horiguchi, Poet, Translator, Member of Japan Art Academy Etō Jun, literary critic Hiroshi Aramata, Professor of Nihon University Sakutarō Hagiwara, Poet Yumeno Kyūsaku, Surrealistic detective novelist Kazuki Kaneshiro, Zainichi Korean novelist Thailand Tarisa Watanagase (Thai), Governor of the Bank of Thailand, 2006–2010 (Economics) Lernchai Marakarn (Thai), Governor of the Bank of Thailand, 1996-1997 (Money and Banking) Sommai Hoontrakool (Thai), Minister of Finance of Thailand, 1982-1986 (Economics) Others JAXA astronaut Chiaki Mukai Yusuke Amimori, gamer (Economics) Takeshi Fukuzawa, Executive Counsel, Mitsubishi Real Estate (Law) Akihiko Hoshide, JAXA astronaut Shichiro Ishikawa, president of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer Chiaki Mukai, surgeon and astronaut Zheng Nanning, president of Xi'an Jiaotong University, China (PhD, Engineering) Theodor Holm "Ted" Nelson, Computer architect, visionary, and contrarian (PhD, Media and Governance, 2002) Isao Obata, Shotokan karate master Ken Sakamura, professor of University of Tokyo, creator of TRON, Takeda Award (Engineering) Sosuke Sumitani, announcer (Economics) Tsunekazu Takeda, chairman of Japanese Olympic Committee (Law 1970) Taro Takemi, president of the World Medical Association and Japan Medical Association Yoshio Taniguchi, architect (Mechanical Engineering) Hiromoto Watanabe, first president of the Imperial University (now The University of Tokyo) See also Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Keio University Keio Medical Science Prize Keio Media Centers (Libraries) Eliica Auto-ID Labs Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus Keio Shonan-Fujisawa Junior & Senior High School Sakura Tsushin ("Sakura Diaries"), a manga and anime series by U-jin which prominently features Keio University. Japanese University Ranking List of National Treasures of Japan (crafts-others) Gutenberg Bible The only copy of a Gutenberg Bible held in a non-western country is the first volume of a Gutenberg Bible (Hubay 45) at Keio University - purchased on 22 October 1987 by Eiichi Kobayashi, a director at the Maruzen Company, for $5.4 million. Gallery Previous South building on Mita Campus Sources References ^ a b 教職員数:[慶應義塾] ^ Okun, Stanley. "For Japanese in U.S., School, Japanese Style," New York Times. February 1, 1988. ^ Junichiro Koizumi (2001–2006), Ryutaro Hashimoto (1996–1998), and Tsuyoshi Inukai (1931-1932) ^ "University rankings". École des Mines de Paris. http://www.mines-paristech.fr/Actualites/PR/Ranking2011EN-Fortune2010.pdf.  ^ Keio University - Global30 ^ a b c d e http://www.ogi.keio.ac.jp/english/Keio-University-pamphlet.pdf ^ e.g. Keio was top in 2007 and 2008 in terms of the amount of endowments.[1] ^ http://keio150.jp/english/ceremony/img/05.pdf ^ Press Release: Keio University joins MIT and INRIA in hosting W3C ^ a b 「慶應義塾の目的」:[慶應義塾] ^ In Edo Period, the private schools normally collected money or properties with Noshi irregularly from students, but those fees highly depend on each student's economic circumstance. Fukuzawa thought such unstable financial system prevents modernization of educational institution and professors' professionalism. Then he designed a rudimentary management system for the school finance.[2] ^ Before Meiji Period, Japanese people had thought the oral statement is not reliable enough for decision making, thus every time people had needed to state their opinions on paper when they had needed to decide something. Fukuzawa thought this culture would seriously prevent to introduce the modern parliamentary regime and the fair court system. Then he developed the art of speech by the arrangement of Western speech. [3] ^ 留学生受け入れのはじめ:[慶應義塾] ^ 独立自尊:[慶應義塾] ^ In fact, this phrase was also used for his Dharma name, which is a given name when people are dead, representing their nature. ^ 半学半教:[慶應義塾] ^ Japanese people usually use "Kun" only between friends. This expression is normally considered as an informal expression and shouldn't be used for professors. ^ Keio only use the honorific of "Teacher" or "Professors" officially when they refer Fukuzawa's name. ^ 社中の協力:[慶應義塾] ^ a b 島田 裕巳 "慶應三田会―組織とその全貌" 三修社 ^ "慶應義塾豆百科〕No.4 慶應義塾の起源" (in Japanese). Keio University. http://www.keio.ac.jp/ja/contents/mamehyakka/4.html.  ^ Although Shinshu Kan didn't have a direct relation to Keio, Many people who studied or managed there were involved with Keio later. In fact, all students from Nakatsu Domain moved to Keio when it was closed. ^ 1868 is 4th year of Keio ^ "慶應義塾豆百科〕No.7 塾名の由来" (in Japanese). Keio University. http://www.keio.ac.jp/ja/contents/mamehyakka/7.html.  ^ Although Keio had been already involved to the higher education, it had not had a university system before 1890. It was authorized by Japanese government as a university in 1920. ^ See ja:慶應義塾大学 for detail ^ In the beginning of Meiji period, there was a sense of ethics that Samurai shouldn't work for more than 2 masters. Keio was established by the fund of Tokugawa Shogunate, so it was hard to work for the new government in this sense. Fukuzawa in fact criticized severely Katsu Kaishū and Enomoto Takeaki who worked for both Tokugawa and the new government (see Fukuzawa Yukichi). His such strict viewpoint had prevented Keio to set up a political department, and kept many Keio graduate away from politics for a long time. It is also one of the clear difference from Waseda which has been positively involved to politics for a long time. ^ Vol1. Famous Visitors to Keio University | Keio University ^ It is usually regarded as one of the most prestigious academic journals in the world ^ A paper written by the 4th year student of the Faculty of Science and Technology was placed in "Science":Keio University Science and Technology ^ 理工学部4年生を筆頭著者とする論文がサイエンス誌に掲載されました:理工学部 慶應義塾大学 ^ "Presidents in Keio" (in Japanese). Keio University. http://www.keio.ac.jp/ja/about_keio/history/president/index.html.  ^ "Keio Campus city" (in Japanese). Campus city. http://www.keio.ac.jp/ja/about_keio/history/president/index.html.  ^ "Sai" means festival ^ See Mita sai ^ "47th Mita sai" (in Japanese). Keio Journal. http://www.keio-j.com/old/tokushu/05mitasai03/01yamauchi.html.  ^ McGraw, John J. "Americans Defeat Great Jap Pitcher; Sugase, Idolized at Keio University, Easy for Giants and White Sox," New York Times. December 8, 1913. ^ "Michigan Nine, Touring Japan, Loses to Keio University, 2-1," New York Times. September 11, 1932. ^ 橘木 俊詔 "早稲田と慶応 名門私大の栄光と影" 講談社 2008 ^ "早稲田と慶応義塾―人気・実力・スポーツどちらが上か" マガジンハウス 1996 ^ 三田英彬 "早稲田・慶応どちらが損か得か" 山手書房 1980 ^ "東京の大学―早稲田慶応" 河出新書 1956 ^ This number is 5th in Japan in 2008.[4] ^ Economist Rankings at IDEAS ^ a b Within Country and State Rankings at IDEAS: Japan ^ 日本経済学会 - Japanese Economic Association ^ Brain-computer interface for Second Life ~ Pink Tentacle ^ the demonstration http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBcS8Jnxxg4 ^ Physics News :: 10 billion bits of entanglement achieved in silicon ^ Establishment of Individualized Cancer Therapy Based on Comprehensive Development of Minimally Invasive and Innovative Therapeutic Methods ^ Intelligent humanoid robot with japanese Wikipedia ontology and robot action ontology ^ ScienceDirect - Thin Solid Films : Diamond-like carbon films for PET bottles and medical applications ^ Optics InfoBase - High-Bandwidth Graded-Index Plastic Optical Fiber by the Dopant Diffusion Coextrusion Process ^ NHKアーカイブス保存番組検索結果詳細 ^ http://kpri.keio.ac.jp/pdf/20100503.pdf ^ JUNET is the earliest Internet in Japan. ^ Mainly he contributed 1.to open the earliest Internet network in Japan 2.to prepare the policy and infrastructure to use Japanese and Chinese characters on the Internet 3.various policy makings related to the Internet.[5] ^ 村井純 むらいじゅんとは | 略歴・経歴・プロフィール | JUNETやWIDEプロジェクトの設立の立役者 ^ "Edits Japanese Law Data; Prof. Wigmore Completing Work on Records of 1600-1860," New York Times. June 23, 1935. ^ "Truly Strong Universities" (in Japanese). Toyo Keizai. 2010. http://www.toyokeizai.net/business/industrial/detail/AC/7ca97f085eda34ce139f6d1210cef898/page/1/. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ a b "Kawai 30 Top Japanese Universities". Kawaijuku. 2001. http://www.nigelward.com/top30.html. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ a b "Thomson Reuters 20 Top research institutions in Japan". Thomson Reuters. 2011. http://science.thomsonreuters.com/press/2010/top-20-japanese-research-insts/. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  (this raking includes 5 non-educational institutions) ^ "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. http://www2.ttcn.ne.jp/honkawa/3865.html. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ a b "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2010. http://trendy.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/pickup/20101108/1033562/. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2009. http://consult.nikkeibp.co.jp/consult/release/ub091210a.html. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ "GBUDU University Rankings" (in Japanese). YELL books. 2009. http://www.amazon.co.jp/%E5%8D%B1%E3%81%AA%E3%81%84%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%A6%E3%83%BB%E6%B6%88%E3%81%88%E3%82%8B%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%A6-%EF%BC%92%EF%BC%90%EF%BC%91%EF%BC%92%E5%B9%B4%E7%89%88-YELL-books-%E5%B3%B6%E9%87%8E-%E6%B8%85%E5%BF%97/dp/4753930181. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ a b "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2010. http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/asian-university-rankings/2010. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Japan". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2010. http://www.arwu.org/Country2010Main.jsp?param=Japan. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2010. http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2010/results. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ a b "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2010. http://www.arwu.org/Country2010Main.jsp?param=Japan. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ a b "ENSMP World University Rankings". École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris. 2011. http://www.mines-paristech.fr/Actualites/PR/Ranking2011EN-Fortune2010.pdf. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.  ^ a b Asahi Shimbun University rankings 2010 "Publification rankings in Law (Page 4)" (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. 2010. http://www.law.kobe-u.ac.jp/faculty/annai/2011faculty.pdf. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  ^ "Bar Exam Successful Applicants rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. http://laws.shikakuseek.com/data/2010data-1.html. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  ^ "Bar Exam Pass rate rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. http://laws.shikakuseek.com/data/2010data-2.html. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  ^ "Top 25% Institutions and Economists in Japan, as of January 2011". REPEC. 2011. http://ideas.repec.org/top/old/1101/top.japan.html. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  ^ "Business School Ranking in Japan". Eduniversal. 2010. http://www.eduniversal-ranking.com/business-school-university-ranking-in-japan.html. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  ^ "University and business school ranking in 5 palms (Top100)". Eduniversal. 2010. http://www.eduniversal-ranking.com/business-school-university-ranking-5palms.html. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  "University and business school ranking in 4 palms (Top101-300)". Eduniversal. 2010. http://www.eduniversal-ranking.com/business-school-university-ranking-4palms.html. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  "University and business school ranking in 3 palms (Top301-696)". Eduniversal. 2010. http://www.eduniversal-ranking.com/business-school-university-ranking-3palms.html. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  "University and business school ranking in 2 palms (Top697-896)". Eduniversal. 2010. http://www.eduniversal-ranking.com/business-school-university-ranking-2palms.html. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  ^ "CPA Successful Applicants rankings" (in Japanese). Yutaka Honkawa. 2010. http://www2.ttcn.ne.jp/honkawa/3868.html. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  ^ "Nikkei research standard rankings in Engineering" (in Japanese). Nikkei Shimbun. 2010. http://homepage3.nifty.com/katu-kobayashi/doppo/kougaku_kennkyu.htm. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  ^ 本当に強い大学【2010年版】総合ランキング・トップ100――東大5連覇、京大が阪大を逆転、関学躍進(1) | | 投資・経済・ビジネスの東洋経済オンライン ^ THE QS World University Rankings - Topuniversities ^ "週刊ダイヤモンド" ダイヤモンド社 2010/2/27 http://web.sapmed.ac.jp/kikaku/infomation/0227daiyamondokiji.pdf ^ a b [http: http://researchanalytics.thomsonreuters.com/grr/grr-japan/ "Thomson Reuters High Impact Institutions in Materials and Space Sciences in Japan"]. Thomson Reuters. http: http://researchanalytics.thomsonreuters.com/grr/grr-japan/.  (this raking includes non-educational institutions) ^ "大学ランキング2009" (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. http://www.amazon.co.jp/%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%A6%E3%83%A9%E3%83%B3%E3%82%AD%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B02009-%E3%80%8C%E9%80%B1%E5%88%8A%E6%9C%9D%E6%97%A5%E3%80%8D%E9%80%B2%E5%AD%A6MOOK/dp/4022745207.  ^ a b "University rankings 2011" Asahi Shinbun ^ Japanese Economic Association - JEA Global Site ^ 大学工学部研究力調査(04.2.22) ^ 慶應義塾大学 Guide Book 2011 ^ https://www.aacsb.net/eweb/DynamicPage.aspx?Site=AACSB&WebKey=00E50DA9-8BB0-4A32-B7F7-0A92E98DF5C6 ^ ICS IN THE NEWS | Hitotsubashi ICS ^ University and business school ranking in Japan ^ 2010年(平成22年)新司法試験法科大学院別合格率ランキング -法科大学院seek ^ 図録▽大企業就職率大学ランキング ^ 年収偏差値・給料偏差値ランキング(2006・10・16):稼げる大学はどれ? ^ "出身大学別上場企業役員数ランキング" (in Japanese). 大学ranking.net. http://ranking100.web.fc2.com/yakuin004.html.  ^ Kitasato Shibasaburō, Taichi Kitajima, Taro Takemi and Toshiro Murase ^ "Japan Medical Association report" (in Japanese). Japan Medical Association. http://dl.med.or.jp/dl-med/jma/jma_pamphlet.pdf.  ^ 世界医師会 ^ 政治家出身大学ランキング―有名人の出身大学ランキング ^ http://www.admissions.keio.ac.jp/exam/shigansha.html ^ National and Public universities apply different kind of exams. So it's only comparable between universities in a same category. ^ e.g. Yoyogi seminar published Hensachi (the indication showing the entrance difficulties by prep schools) rankings http://www.yozemi.ac.jp/rank/gakubu/index.html ^ Japanese journalist Kiyoshi Shimano ranks its entrance difficulty as SA (most selective/out of 11 scales) in Japan. "危ない大学・消える大学 2012年版" (in Japanese). YELL books. 2011. http://www.amazon.co.jp/%E5%8D%B1%E3%81%AA%E3%81%84%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%A6%E3%83%BB%E6%B6%88%E3%81%88%E3%82%8B%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%A6-%EF%BC%92%EF%BC%90%EF%BC%91%EF%BC%92%E5%B9%B4%E7%89%88-YELL-books-%E5%B3%B6%E9%87%8E-%E6%B8%85%E5%BF%97/dp/4753930181.  ^ NBPC ニュースリリース「大学ブランド・イメージ調査 2010(首都圏編)」(2009年10月実施)より ^ Top Colleges & Universities in Japan | University Web Rankings ^ Top 20 universities and colleges in Japan ranking « EDUCATION IN JAPAN COMMUNITY Blog ^ KKU NEWS - Three Thai university websites among the world’s most popular (kku news 53) ^ Ranking Web of World universities: Top Asia ^ TV program "Rank Okoku" on 2010/2/6 http://blogs.yahoo.co.jp/jterasaka/40927577.html ^ Alumni on the World Stage « GIGA Program – Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus ^ Encouragement of Learning Keio University,Japan ^ Ozaki, Yukio. (2001). The Autobiography of Ozaki Yukio: The Struggle for Constitutional Government in Japan, pp. 21-26; Encyclopedia Britannica: Ozaki Yukio. ^ Korea Communications Commission: OECD, Katsuaki Watanabe. ^ "Yoji Yamamoto," Womens Wear Daily (New York). Bibliography The Keiogijuku University: a brief account of its history, aims and equipment. Keio Gijuku University. 1912. http://books.google.fr/books?id=Qg1KAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false.  External links Keio University website Keio University, Institute for Advanced Biosciences/TTCK Shonan Fujisawa Campus Keio Academy of New York Keio Organization for Global Initiatives (OGI) v · d · eTokyo Big6 Baseball League Hosei • Keio • Meiji • Rikkyo • Tokyo • Waseda v · d · eGlobal 30 National Universities Kyoto University | Kyushu University | Nagoya University | Osaka University | Tohoku University | University of Tsukuba | University of Tokyo Private Universities Doshisha University | Keio University | Meiji University | Ritsumeikan University | Sophia University| Waseda University v · d · eAssociation of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU) China Fudan · Nanjing · Peking · Tsinghua · USTC · Zhejiang Hong Kong Hong Kong · HKUST Japan Keio · Kyoto · Osaka · Tohoku · Tokyo · Waseda South Korea Seoul National (SNU) · Korea (KU) Russia Far Eastern Federal (FEFU) Canada British Columbia (UBC) Mexico Monterrey Institute of Technology · UNAM United States Caltech · Stanford · UC Berkeley · UC Davis · UC Irvine · UCLA · UCSD · UCSB · Oregon · Southern California (USC) · Washington Australia Australian National (ANU) · Melbourne · Sydney New Zealand Auckland Chile Chile Indonesia Indonesia Malaysia Malaya Philippines Philippines (UP) Singapore NUS Taiwan National Taiwan (NTU) Thailand Chulalongkorn Coordinates: 35°38′57″N 139°44′34″E / 35.64917°N 139.74278°E / 35.64917; 139.74278