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This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (December 2007) SMART breeding (SMART=Selection with Markers and Advanced Reproductive Technologies) or Precision breeding refers to a genetic engineering technique of reproducing a species members together to retain desirable traits and so produce a stronger hybrid. The technique was successfully used by Nachum Kedar, an Israeli scientist, who applied the technique using beefsteak tomatoes to produce a fruit that would ripen on the vine and remain firm in transit.[citation needed] Smart breeding has been advanced as an alternative to transgenics as a way to produce plants that are resistant to various environmental problems.[citation needed] See also Marker assisted selection External links Worldchanging: "Biomimicry, Smart Breeding and Prairie-Like Farms" by Alex Steffen, August 25, 2004 Wired News: "Super Organics" by Richard Manning, May 2004 PLoS Biology: Diversifying Selection in Plant Breeding; ESSAY about SMART breading by Susan McCouch, 12.10.2004 HortResearch: New apple (made with SMART breading technology) packs health punch