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Kathiawar in between Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambat. Image NASA Earth Observatory Kathiawar or Kathiawad (Gujarati: કાઠીયાવાડ [kaʈʰijaʋaɽ]) is a peninsula in western India, which is part of the Saurashtra region on the Arabian Sea coast of Gujarat state. It is bounded on the north by the great wetland of the Rann of Kutch, on the northwest by the Gulf of Kutch, on the west and south by the Arabian Sea, and on the southeast and east by the Gulf of Khambhat. Contents 1 Etymology and History 2 Major Cities 3 Geography and ecosystem 4 Political history 5 Cultural history 6 People 7 Notable people 8 References Etymology and History The area derives its name from Kathi community. During the reign of Gurjar Pratihar ruler Mihir Bhoj, the Gurjar empire had its one extremity as Kathiawar, other being Bay of Bengal.[1] Haddola inscription confirms that Gurjar Pratihars continued to rule in this region during reign of Mahipala I too.[2] Major Cities The major cities of Kathiawar are Rajkot in the center of the peninsula, Jamnagar on the Gulf of Kutch, Bhavnagar on the Gulf of Khambhat, Surendranagar and the historic city Wadhwan in the central portion of Gujarat, Porbandar on the west coast, historic city of Junagadh on the South. Diu, an island town formerly part of Portuguese India and now part of the Indian union territory of Daman and Diu, lies off the south coast of Kathiawar. The city of Somnath and its famous temple are also located on the south coast. Reliance Industries Limited founded by Dhirubhai Ambani, operates the oil refinery at Jamnagar, which is the world's largest grass-roots refineries. The world's largest shipbreaking yard is in Gujarat near Bhavnagar at Alang. Somnath is one of the 12 Jyotirlings in India. The other equally famous & important town to Hindus is Dwarka, where Lord Krishna is worshipped. Palitana is sacred to the Jains & is one of a kind in India, with hundreds of temples atop a hill. Sasan located in the Gir Forest is a staging post for Lion Safaris, being the only habitat of the Asiatic Lion in Asia. On the national highway 8B, it has smaller cities like Gondal, Jetpur, Dhoraji and Upleta. Gondal was a princely state which ranked education very high for society while Dhoraji was its part. Dhoraji, Upleta, and Gondal were also part of the erstwhile oil mill cartel, which once called the shots in the political corridors of Gujarat state. Also Dhoraji is ranked one of a leading education centre that attracts several students from different parts of the State to come and especially pursue their Board exams for Standard 10 & 12. Jetpur, a city on the banks of Bhadar River, still remains one of major hub for dying industry, which colours traditional Indian women wear called—Sari. This region had also important plastic factories which over a period of time had lost its luster. The Small town like city that is Amarvalli popular as Amreli from last 500 years. It is famous for its contribution as the land of Holy Gurus of Many Hindu monks. Its second District after GUJARAT MUMBAI Separated & It gaves first CM to GUJARAT. Geography and ecosystem The natural vegetation on most of the peninsula is xeric scrub, part of the Northwestern thorn scrub forests ecoregion. A range of low hills, known as the Gir Hills, occupies the south-central portion of the peninsula. The highest of these is Girnar. The hills are home to an enclave of tropical dry broadleaf forest, part of the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests ecoregion. Gir National Park, which includes the forested hills around Girnar, is home to the last remaining Asiatic lions left in the wild. Other national parks on Kathiawar are Blackbuck National Park (Velavadar) on the Gulf of Cambay and Marine National Park, on the Gulf of Kutch near Jamnagar. Political history Before Indian independence in 1947, most of Kathiawar was divided into numerous princely states , ruled by local potentates who acknowledged British suzerainty in return for local sovereignty. These states comprised the Kathiawar Agency. The rest of the peninsula, chiefly in the east along the Gulf of Cambay, were districts ruled directly by the British as part of British India's Bombay Presidency, which included part of the peninsula. Presents Districts of old Kathiawar, Gujarat After Indian independence, the states of Kathiawar acceded to India. In 1947, Junagadh's Muslim ruler desired to accede his territory to Pakistan, but the predominantly Hindu population rebelled, and while the prince fled to Pakistan, a plebiscite was conducted, as a result of which the kingdom was merged into the Indian Union. Pakistan still retains a claim to it. The former princely states of Kathiawar were grouped into the new province of Saurashtra, which became a state in 1950. In 1956, Saurashtra was merged into Bombay State, and in 1960, Bombay state was divided along linguistic lines into the new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Diu remained in Portuguese hands until 1961, when it was occupied by Indian troops, then became integrated into India as part of the union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu in 1962. . Cultural history Kathiawar, also (Kattywar), gets its name from the prominence of the Kathi community which is widespread in the region. Although the Kathis are supposed to have migrated to the area in the 16th century, they have played an important part in the documented history of the region. Major Rajput clans that held a sway over this region include the Walas ( Kathis ), Jethwas, Raijadas, Chudasamas, Gohils, Parmars, Jhalas, Jadejas, Chavdas, Solankis, Patgirs or Pargirs, and Sarvaiyas, Savjis. Most of the princely states of Kathiawar were brought under the British protectorate by 1820, but from Kathiawad first treaty with the Britishers was made by Vira Wala of Jetpur with Col.Walker at Baroda on 26 October 1803. People A person from Kathiawar is called a "Kathiawadi". For more information on the Kathis (Rajputs of Gujarat), read Colonel James Tod's Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan,[3] especially the chapter on the 36 Royal Races of India. Kathis migrated from the Punjab to Kutchh and then to Saurashtra and made treaty with the Wala rajputs of Suarastra and stated materimonial relations with the local rajputs, most probabaly Walas, thus to days kathi community is the mix of kathis from the Punjab and the local ancient rajputs of Saurashtra. SAVJI community which is staying in maharastra and Gujarat. katwe are khsatriyas of Gujarat. kathiawadi later known as katwa or katwe in maharastra. The Kathiawadi originate from Kathiawar. Notable people Dhirubhai Ambani Parveen Babi - Bollywood actress, and first Indian actress to appear on TIME magazine cover Morari Bapu - Saint, preacher Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi - Mahatma Gandhi - National Father INDIA Dipchandbhai Gardi, philanthropist[4][dead link] Muhammad Ali Jinnah - National father - PAKISTAN Jhaverchand Meghani - Author Jivraj Mehta- first Chief Minister of Gujarat, the finest Indian Ambassador in Britain Nautamlal Bhagavanji Mehta, a freedom fighter and businessman K. S. Ranjitsinhji - Maharaja of Nawanagar and famous cricketer who played for English cricket team, Rajkumar College, Rajkot Harilal Upadhyay[5] Sabuddin Rathod - Humorist, writer, Teacher References ^ Baij Nath Puri (1986). The history of the Gurjara-Pratihāras. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. p. xvii.  ^ Narendra Singh (2001). Encyclopaedia of Jainism. Anmol Publications PVT. LTD.. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=DSzlv9pcJtsC&pg=PA4857&dq.  ^ James Tod, Annals and Antiquities of Rajast'han or the Central and Western Rajpoot States of India, v. 1, p. 17. 2 vols. London, Smith, Elder (1829, 1832); New Delhi, Munshiram Publishers, (2001) ISBN 81-7069-128-1 ^ "The Great Philanthropist", Saurashtra University[dead link] ^ "A Few Words about Shri Harilal Upadhyay"  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  v · d · e State of Gujarat Capital : Gandhinagar Major Corporations Ahmedabad · Surat · Vadodara · Rajkot · Jamnagar · Bhavnagar · Junagadh · Navsari · Surendranagar · Valsad · Udhana · Mehsana · Anand · Bharuch Districts Ahmedabad · Amreli · Anand · Banaskantha · Bharuch · Bhavnagar · Dahod · Dang · Gandhinagar · Jamnagar · Junagadh · Kheda · Kachchh · Mehsana · Narmada · Navsari · Panchmahal · Patan · Porbandar · Rajkot · Sabarkantha · Surat · Surendranagar · Tapi · Vadodara · Valsad Villages Telnar Topics History · Politics · Government  · Economy · Education · People · Culture · Cuisine · Geography · National parks and sanctuaries · Cinema · Tourism Major Projects of Gujarat Ahmedabad BRTS · Gujarat International Finance Tec-City  · Sabarmati Riverfront Development Project · Sardar Sarovar Project · GSWAN · Regions of Gujarat Bhal region · Kathiawar region · Gohilwad region · Zhalawad region · Charotar region · Ghed region Portal : Gujarat Coordinates: 21°48′N 70°45′E / 21.8°N 70.75°E / 21.8; 70.75