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Zliten زليتن Zlitan Zliten Location in Libya Coordinates: 32°27′50″N 14°34′21″E / 32.46389°N 14.5725°E / 32.46389; 14.5725 Country Libya District Misrata Population  - Total 109,972 Time zone UTC + 2 Zliten (Arabic: زليتن‎ Zlīţan) is a town in the Misrata District of Libya. It is located on the southern coast of the Mediterranean Sea west of the Gulf of Sidra. It was the capital of the former Zlitan District. Contents 1 Location 2 Name 3 Education 4 Economy 5 History and culture 5.1 Tarbuni 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links Location The name Zliten is given to both the town and the whole area. As a town, Zliten is situated 160 km (99 mi) east of the capital, Tripoli, and about 35 km (22 mi) east of the ancient Roman city of Leptis Magna. It is about 60 km (37 mi) west of the city of Misrata and 40 km (25 mi) east East of Al-Khums. It has spread over an area of about 8 km2 (3.1 sq mi). The district of Zliten is widespread and covers an area of 3,000 km2 (1,200 sq mi). It is surrounded by the Mediterranean from the north, Misrata from the east, Bani Walid from the south and Al-Khums from the west. Name The etymology of the city's name in Arabic is a very controversial subject. Some experts contend that it originated from an old Tamazight (Berber) designation, while others claim it is actually from Arabic for the fig trees shadow as that was where traders used to meet in passing between Tripoli and Misrata. Originally two words, it was later compounded into one word.[1] Education Zliten is home to one of Libya's most renowned Islamic universities, Al-Jamiaa Al-Asmariya (Arabic: جامع الاسمربة i.e. Al-Asmariya Islamic University). Faculties include the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry and Mouth Surgery, and the Faculty of Education. They are all under the supervision of Al-Merqib University. There is also a higher vocational training center covering various engineering fields. Economy Zliten has several modern banking institutions, a major shopping center and the Zliten Hotel, the city's top accommodation for tourists. In 2001, the Libyan Government proposed a number of state company projects for which joint ventures would be considered. These included an expansion of Arab Cement Company’s (ACC) cement plant in Zliten valued at $169 million.[2] In February 2005, the initial public offering of shares in the formerly state-owned ACC resulted in the sale of 60% of the company. ACC proposed to build a second 1-Mt/yr-capacity cement production line at its Zliten plant.[3] Arab Union Contracting Co. (AUCC) commissioned a 1.2-Mt/yr-capacity cement clinker plant near Zliten in December 2004; commercial production began in September 2005. AUCC began a feasibility study for the construction of a second clinker production line at its production facility.[4] In 2004, construction began on extending a seawater desalination plant in Zliten with a total capacity of 10,000 cubic metres (8.1 acre·ft) per day using the multi-stage flash distillation process.[5] History and culture The Slat Abn Shaif Synagogue, Zliten, before WWII There are many ancient Roman sites in Zliten, such as the Villa of Omira ('Darbuk Omira' ), and the Castle in Al-Jumaa. The town also contains the Mausoleum and Mosque of Sidi Abd As-Salam Al-Asmar, a revered Islamic saint who lived and died in Zliten during the 15th century. There is some fine Arabic calligraphy in sandstone on top of the outer pillars of the building saying al-mulk-'illah ("Everything to Allah").[6] The town is famous for its olives, palm trees and citrus fruits along beautiful coastal shores. The Slat Abn Shaif Synagogue (Hebrew: בית הכנסת צלאת בן שאיף‎) in Zliten is a historic synagogue and Lag Ba'omer pilgrimage site for Libyan Jews. It is over 900 years old. Tarbuni Zliten has a proliferation of date palms that yield what is considered by many to be the best tarbuni (date juice) in Libya. Tarbuni is often served with asida, made from flour, boiled with salt, and eaten with olive and date juice. Asida is usually reserved to commemorate the birth of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (Mawlid al-Nabi, celebrated on the twelfth day of Rabi al-Awwal).[7] As-Sida is also the celebratory dish of choice for Tripolitanian families when a child is born.[8] Notes ^ "سفير السلام: سلسة مدينتي (زليتن)أو زليتانيا" ("Ambassador of Peace: The city of Zlitan (Zletn) or Zlitania"), in Arabic, accessed 31 May 2009 ^ P. Mobbs 2001 p. 19.1 ^ P. Mobbs 2005 p.25.1 ^ Tripoli focuses on lack of cement supply: (2005) Middle East Economic Digest, v. 49, no. 26, p. 25 ^ M. Ashour (2004) p.216 ^ A. Ham p.148 ^ J. Esposito p.198 ^ A. Ham p.147 References J.M. Cowan (1994), The Hans Wehr Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic John Esposito (2003), The Oxford Dictionary of Islam Anthony Ham (2002), Lonely Planet: Libya. Lonely Planet Publications Philip M. Mobbs (2001), The Mineral Industry of Libya Philip M. Mobbs (2005), Minerals Yearbook: Libya, USGS Mukhtar M. Ashour (2004), Economics of seawater desalination in Libya Tajora Research Center Alison Pargeter (2006) Libyan Fighters Join the Iraqi Jihad, Terrorism Monitor V. 4, Issue 23 External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Zliten Zliten “Cities of the Saints” Zliten Hotel Coordinates: 32°28′N 14°34′E / 32.467°N 14.567°E / 32.467; 14.567